Glioma is a broad category of brain and spinal cord tumors that come from glial cells, brain cells that can develop into tumors. Gliomas can affect the brain function and can be life-threatening depending on their location and rate of growth. They are one of the most common types of primary brain tumors. Common signs and symptoms of gliomas include:
• Nausea or vomiting
• Confusion or a decline in brain function
• Memory loss
• Personality changes or irritability
• Difficulty with balance
• Urinary incontinence
• Vision problems, such as blurred vision, double vision or loss of peripheral vision
• Speech difficulties
• Seizures, especially in someone without a history of seizures
HOW IS GLIOMA DIAGNOSED?
The patient’s physician will work with a team of specialists to confirm the diagnosis. A specialist will conduct a neurological examination, followed by CT scans and/or an MRI. These tests will help determine the size, location and type of tumor. The diagnosis can be confirmed by a biopsy.
HOW IS GLIOMA TREATED?
An oncologist may prescribe steroids to reduce swelling and relieve pressure on affected areas of the brain. Antiepileptic drugs may be used to control seizures. In extreme cases surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted drug therapy and rehabilitation is considered as means of treatment.
DID YOU KNOW?
Radiation therapy usually follows after the surgery.