Gitelman Syndrome is an autosomal, recessive kidney disorder that is characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. This disease affects the ability of the kidney in reabsorbing salt and causes imbalances in fluid and electrolyte concentration in the body. Symptoms usually occur in late childhood, symptoms are:
• Muscle weakness
• Tetany – cramping of certain muscles
• Abdominal pain
HOW IS GITELMAN SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
A condition related to urology, the diagnosis of Gitelman Syndrome involves specialized clinical evaluation through a variety of tests including blood tests to determine serum electrolyte levels, specifically low levels of magnesium and/or elevated levels of renin. Molecular genetic testing is also required in some cases.
HOW IS GITELMAN SYNDROME TREATED?
The usual treatment procedures for the same includes specific non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that are also known as NSAID. They help in reducing the pain in the area and muscle weaknesses. Medications like indomethacin are given here.
DID YOU KNOW?
Affected individuals may be encouraged to undergo a cardiac workup to screen for risk factors for cardiac arrhythmias. Individuals with a prolonged QT interval should avoid drugs that prolong the QT interval.