Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums that is usually a result of a bacterial infection. When left untreated, the condition can cause the gums to leave the teeth leading to loss of teeth. The symptoms include red, swollen gums that can bleed when you brush your teeth. Loose teeth, pain while chewing, increased sensitivity, foul breath are other symptoms.
HOW IS GINGIVITIS DIAGNOSED?
Dentists perform a thorough dental examination and evaluate the symptoms. Dentists use a small ruler to check for inflammation. A periodontist is referred to for further diagnosis of Gingivitis.
HOW IS GINGIVITIS TREATED?
Practising proper dental hygiene helps prevent Gingivitis. Common treatment methods are deep cleaning of scaling of teeth, antibiotic medications and surgery. Scaling, root planing and lasers are cleaning methods. Antibiotic mouthwashes, time-release antiseptic chips and oral antibiotics are also used for treating Gingivitis. Flap surgery and bone and tissue grafts are used for treating severe damage due to Gingivitis
DID YOU KNOW?
Smoking and chewing tobacco are leading causes of Gingivitis