Giardiasis is caused by Giardia Lamblia parasites that damages the small intestine. It forms cysts that are transmitted to humans in contaminated water or food and by person-to-person contact. Symptoms of giardiasis are variable, some people have no symptoms but still pass cysts in the stool and are considered carriers of the parasite while others may develop acute or chronic diarrhea illnesses that begin to show symptoms in one to two weeks after swallowing cysts.
HOW IS GIARDIASIS DIAGNOSED?
Doctors confirm the diagnosis of giardiasis by taking stool samples and sending them to the lab to be examined for Giardia Parasites. Several samples may be needed before the parasites are found. The doctor may recommend Elisa test and enteroscopy for further diagnosis.
HOW IS GIARDIASIS TREATED?
Giardiasis usually clears up on its own. If the infection is severe and prolonged, the physician may prescribe antibiotic or antiparasitic dosage for clearing the infection. The side effects of various drugs should be evaluated before prescription
DID YOU KNOW?
Kids below the age of 5 may have malnutrition and thus adequate replenishment should be given too.