Giardiasis is an infection of the small intestine that usually spreads by contact with the infected person. Consuming contaminated food or water can cause the infection and the infection is more common in overcrowded developing countries that lack basic and proper sanitary conditions. Symptoms of Giardiasis include nausea, fatigue, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, excessive gas, weight loss, headaches and abdominal pain.
HOW IS GIARDIASIS DIAGNOSED?
Doctors confirm the diagnosis of giardiasis by taking stool samples and sending them to the lab to be examined for Giardia Parasites. Several samples may be needed before the parasites are found. The doctor may recommend Elisa test and enteroscopy for further diagnosis.
HOW IS GIARDIASIS TREATED?
Giardiasis usually clears up on its own. If the infection is severe and prolonged, the physician may prescribe antibiotic or antiparasitic dosage for clearing the infection. The side effects of various drugs should be evaluated before prescription
DID YOU KNOW?
You can't prevent giardiasis, but you can lower your risk of getting it by thoroughly washing your hands, especially if you work in places where germs spread easily, such as day care centers.