Gastroparesis is a condition where the stomach is unable to empty the food digested on its own. Due to damage to the vagus nerve, there’s a restriction on the movement of food. The common symptoms here include nausea, burning sensation in the stomach and throat, bloating of the abdominal area, feeling full after eating a little and weight loss.
HOW IS GASTROPARESIS DIAGNOSED?
To diagnose gastroparesis, the doctor will review the symptoms and medical history. The doctor will do a physical exam and may order certain blood tests, including blood sugar levels. Other tests used to diagnose and evaluate gastroparesis may include:
• Barium X-ray :
• Radioisotope gastric-
• Gastric manometry
• The smart pill test
• Upper endoscopy
HOW IS GASTROPARESIS TREATED?
Treatment for the same includes Reglan (metoclopramide) taken before eating, Erythromycin given post eating along with other Antiemetics that are basically drugs for controlling the nausea. The combination of these drugs along with lifestyle and diet changes helps in treating the same.
DID YOU KNOW?
Certain health conditions can make it harder for the stomach to empty, increasing your chances of developing gastroparesis. The risk factors include:
• diabetes mellitus
• some cancer treatments
• eating disorders, like anorexia and bulimia
• hypothyroidism or an overactive thyroid
• Parkinson’s disease
• medications that make the stomach empty more slowly