Gastric cancer is also referred to as stomach cancer and occurs inside the inner lining of the stomach area. The cells grow into a tumour shape and this is caused because of habits like smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. The common symptoms of the cancer include indigestion, heartburn, nausea, vomiting and also loss of appetite.
HOW IS GASTRIC CANCER DIAGNOSED?
Tests that can help diagnose gastric cancer include:
• Complete blood count (CBC) to check for anemia.
• Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) with biopsy to examine the stomach tissue. EGD involves putting a tiny camera down the esophagus (food tube) to look at the inside of the stomach.
• Stool test to check for blood in the stools.
HOW IS GASTRIC CANCER TREATED?
Treatment for stomach or gastric cancer is complicated. Surgery is the most common procedure here where the lining is taken out followed with radiation and chemotherapy. There are targeted drugs also given along with chemo-radiation to shrink the size of the tumour.
DID YOU KNOW?
The following may help reduce the risk of gastric cancer:
• Avoid smoke.
• Keep a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
• Take medicines to treat reflux disease (heartburn),
• Take antibiotics if diagnosed with H. pylori infection.