Fluid retention, also known as water retention refers to an excessive buildup of fluid in the circulatory system, body tissues, or cavities in the body. The symptoms include:
• Swelling of body parts eg ankles, feet and hands
• Bloated tummy
• Feeling stiffness or aching.
• Weight fluctuations.
• Joints may feel stiff.
• When pressed the skin may hold the indent for a few seconds.
HOW IS FLUID RETENTION DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of fluid retention depends on the underlying cause. Nephrologists may order kidney function tests for checking for possible kidney failure. Cardiologists may order for tests like ECG or CT-Scan to check the functioning of heart. Doctor’s also look for any inflammation of the lymphatic system while diagnosing fluid retention
HOW IS FLUID RETENTION TREATED?
Treatment for fluid retention depends on several factors, including whether it is being caused by leaky capillary walls. If it is, then it is not generally possible to prescribe diuretics, because they may do more harm than good. Diuretics are more likely to be used if the water retention is caused by something else, such as heart or kidney disease.
DID YOU KNOW?
The potential complications include:
• Heart failure
• Infection in and around the affected area.
• Loss of mobility
• Organ failure or dysfunction
• Progressive physical disability
• Respiratory failure
• Skin ulcerations
• Spread of cancer