Fissure is said to occur when the internal anal muscles suffer a tear. This anal fissure can be caused due to passing large stool or as a result of constipation. In some cases, childbirth can also induce the condition. The symptoms include severe pain during passing stool and it could cause a burning sensation as well. Itching and bleeding are also other symptoms.
HOW IS FISSURE DIAGNOSED?
The health care provider will perform a rectal exam and look at the anal tissue.
The doctor may recommend further testing in case of any underlying condition which includes Flexible sigmoidoscopy and Colonoscopy.
HOW IS FISSURE TREATED?
Most anal fissures do not require extensive treatments but if the fissure is causing too much discomfort, over the counter stool softeners may be used. Taking warm baths known as sitz baths can be helpful too.
DID YOU KNOW?
Taking fiber rich food will prevent constipation and thereby prevent the occurrence of fissures.