Fever is basically an increase in the body temperature above 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. Fever is an autoimmune response to any foreign invader in the body including virus, bacteria, fungi, drugs or any toxins. In adults, fever is not considered significant unless it is consistently over 100.4 degrees F. in children younger than 3 months old, it is important to seek medical attention immediately but that might not apply to older kids or adults. Sweating with chills may be other symptoms along with arise in body temperature.
HOW IS FEVER DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of fever is often combined with other symptoms. The general physician may perform a complete physical examination and evaluate other associated symptoms. A blood and urine test is the preliminary diagnostic tests, which would more or less reveal the cause of fever. In cases where these tests are not conclusive, further imaging tests may be conducted.
HOW IS FEVER TREATED?
Treatment for fever depends on the underlying cause. Antibiotics may be given for fever due to a viral infection. Antipyretic drugs are given for bringing the body temperature down.
DID YOU KNOW?
For infants with a fever of more than 100.4, immediate medical attention is required
Fever is the most common ailment or a common medical condition that people suffer from once in a while. In scientific terms, fever is called controlled hyperthermia or pyrexia. A human body has a normal body temperature which is in the range of 98-100 degrees Fahrenheit or 36-37 degrees Centigrade. It occurs when the body temperature feels warmer or is above the normal range.
There are many types of fever, with different symptoms or signs which a person experiences and that are not as normal. These can be as follows:
• Feeling cold
• Lack of appetite
• Feeling uneasy and sleepy
• Low concentration levels
• Increased sweating
• Lethargic feeling
One such fever is a viral fever – where you feel a cold sensation as the temperature of the body increases bit by bit. An increased body temperature is one of the ways that our immune system fights the foreign body in case of an infection. Generally a fever which is caused by a cold is called a viral infection or a viral fever, where Paracetamol helps to relieve the uneasiness in patients.
If the fever is mild, then it is fine, as your body is trying to neutralize the virus which is probably causing the infection. A mild fever can be defined as a body temperature below 104 degrees Fahrenheit, and in this condition the fever needs to be monitored. But if the fever is too high and that persists, it may be serious, and you need to conduct more medical tests to understand the underlying causes, before it causes any complications.
High viral fever can be accompanied with extreme irritability, a kind of a delirium and at times convulsions too. If the fever is high and is due to bacteria – and thus not a viral fever, antibiotics may be given so that secondary infections can be fought back. Antipyretics are also administered to bring the fever down.
During such a period of infection, you need to maintain personal hygiene to keep yourselves healthy. You should wash hands properly, before and after meals and after going to the washroom. Good hygiene practices made into a habit will help all reduce the risk of developing an infection that may lead to a viral fever.
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