Eustachian Tube Dysfunction is a condition in which the eustachian tube function decreases, resulting in dulled hearing. The Eustachian tube connects the space between the eardrum and the back of the nose. It is usually closed, but opens when we swallow or yawn or chew for maintaining air pressure. Eustachian Tube Dysfunction occurs when this tube is blocked or does not open properly. Symptoms are:
• Muffled or dulled hearing
• Possible ear pain
• Fullness in ear
• Ringing or buzzing sound
HOW IS EUSTACHIAN TUBE DYSFUNCTION DIAGNOSED?
There can be various causes for Eustachian Tube Dysfunction. Cold and throat and ear infections are the most common causes. Other causes include glue ear, allergies, ear blockages and air travel.
HOW IS EUSTACHIAN TUBE DYSFUNCTION TREATED?
Blocked eustachian tubes often get better on their own. You may be able to open the blocked tubes with a simple exercise which are swallowing, yawning or chewing gum, can help open the eustachian tubes. The doctor may suggest procedures for certain cases which are:
• Using a decongestant to reduce the swelling of the lining of the tubes.
• Taking an antihistamine or using a steroid nasal spray to reduce the allergic response if allergies are a factor.
• Implanting pressure equalization tubes (PETs) in the eardrums to maintain equal ear pressure.
• Making a tiny incision in the eardrum and suctioning out the fluid in the middle ear.
DID YOU KNOW?
This is a temporary problem that goes way in a week's time. However, if it persists an ENT should be consulted.