Empyema Thoracis is a typical condition that is characterized by presence of pus in the area between the lungs and the inner walls of the chest. Known as pleural space, the pus in this area is usually caused after pneumonia when the fluid that gets built up here is infected with bacteria. This pus cannot be coughed out and needs to be drained using a needle or may even require a surgery. The symptoms include shortness of breath, dry cough, constant fever, pain when breathing, headache and loss of appetite.
HOW IS EMPYEMA THORACIS DIAGNOSED?
Pulmonologists may evaluate the symptoms to diagnose Empyema Thoracis. He or she might listen to breathing sounds using a stethoscope, particularly for whooshing sound. A chest X-ray reveals a cloudy area in the lungs representing empyema. A sample of fluid from the pleural cavity confirms the diagnosis
HOW IS EMPYEMA THORACIS TREATED?
Empyema Thoracis requires emergency treatment, which is usually combination of medications and surgery. A two-week antibiotic course is administered intravenously. This is suitable for treating disease in the first stage. For severe Empyema Thoracis surgical draining of fluid and closing of the space in the pleural cavity is required.
DID YOU KNOW?
Empyema Thoracis if left untreated results in development of large abscess that may rupture and block the airway