Dracunculiasis is an infection caused by Guinea worm and is hence also known as Guinea worm disease or GWD. There are no symptoms that occur for about a year. After which a person would develop a painful burning feeling usually on the leg where the female worm forms a blister. A patient could also experience nausea, diarrhea, dizziness and rashes.
HOW IS DRACUNCULIASIS DIAGNOSED?
The symptoms are easy to diagnose as the along with high fever, nausea, and vomiting on would notice an allergic reaction in the body. This tends to spread from one spot to the other followed by burning pain. One also sees blisters burst here leading to allergy and rashes, which get worse with arthritis and paralysis.
HOW IS DRACUNCULIASIS TREATED?
There is no medication to treat or prevent this disease except extracting the worm when it is on the surface of the skin or forms the blister. The worm can be surgically removed by a general physician if this disorder is identified before the formation of blisters or ulcers.
DID YOU KNOW?
If not controlled, the larvae can multiply very fast leading to an epidemic like it has many times in Ghana.