Diabetic eye disease comprises a group of eye conditions that affect people with diabetes. These conditions include diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema (DME), cataract, and glaucoma. All forms of diabetic eye disease have the potential to cause severe vision loss and blindness. Diabetic retinopathy involves changes to retinal blood vessels that can cause them to bleed or leak fluid, distorting vision.
HOW IS DIABETIC RETINOPATHY DIAGNOSED?
Diabetic retinopathy is detected during a comprehensive dilated eye exam that includes:
• Visual acuity testing.
• Pupil dilation.
• Optical coherence tomography (OCT).
• fluorescein angiogram
HOW IS DIABETIC RETINOPATHY TREATED?
Treatment, which depends largely on the type of diabetic retinopathy you have and how severe it is, is geared to slowing or stopping progression of the condition.If you have proliferative diabetic retinopathy or macular edema, you'll need prompt surgical treatment. Depending on the specific problems with your retina, options may include:
1.Focal laser treatment
2. Scatter laser treatment
DID YOU KNOW?
During the diagnosis, the doctor will look for fatty deposits in the retina.