Dental caries, also known as tooth decay, cavities, or caries, is a breakdown of teeth due to activities of bacteria. It is the permanently damaged areas in teeth that develop into tiny holes called cavities. The cavities may be a number of different colors from yellow to black.
HOW IS DENTAL CARIES DIAGNOSED?
Generally, dental caries is discovered in the early stages during routine dental check-ups. The dentist may perform a dental exam which may show the soft surface of the tooth. Dental x-rays may show some cavities before they are visible to the eye.
HOW IS DENTAL CARIES TREATED?
There are three things to consider in the treatment of dental caries: Prevention, remineralization, and restoration. Prevention is basically avoiding further decay and also using a filling to cover the hole. Remineralization is reversing shallow caries by treating with a substance that contains fluoride or calcium. When a caries is too large for remineralization, restoration of the tooth is done through root canal treatment and then capping it using an artificial crown.
DID YOU KNOW?
This condition mainly occurs when the daily remineralisation process of the teeth sees an imbalance.