Dental calculus or tartar is a form of hardened dental plaque. It is caused by precipitation of minerals from saliva and gingival crevicular fluid in plaque on the teeth. Calculus can form both along the gum line and within the narrow sulcus that exists between the teeth and the gingiva. The clinical manifestations are bad breath, receding gums, chronically inflamed gingiva.
HOW IS DENTAL CALCULUS DIAGNOSED?
Dentists can diagnose calculus based on dental examination. They make use of a mirror and dental explorers to check the extent to which dental calculus has grown. In some cases a dental X-ray may be required
HOW IS DENTAL CALCULUS TREATED?
The most effective way to prevent dental calculus is good oral hygiene. Dentists remove dental calculus through scaling. Ultrasonic, hand scalers and curettes are used to remove dental calculus from teeth
DID YOU KNOW?
Toothpaste with an additive ingredient of zinc citrate has been shown to produce a statistically significant reduction in plaque accumulation. Some dental calculus may form by direct mineralization of the pellicle