Cryptosporidiosis is a diarrheal disease caused by parasites named Cryptosporidium; the parasites have a life cycle that can be completed in humans and many types of animals. The disease cryptosporidiosis is spread from person to person after the parasites are shed into the environment; they may be found in soil, food, water, or on surfaces that have been contaminated with feces from infected humans or animals. Symptoms of cryptosporidiosis include: 1.watery diarrhea, 2.stomach cramps or pain, 3.dehydration, 4.nausea, 5.vomiting, 6.fever, 7.weight loss, 8.lack of appetite. Some individuals will have no symptoms at all. Symptoms usually begin two to 10 days after becoming infected. Symptoms last about one to two weeks.
HOW IS CRYPTOSPORIDIOSIS DIAGNOSED?
There are several diagnostic tests for Cryptosporidiosis. General physicians may prescribe microscopic, staining and detection of antibodies for diagnosing the disease. Acid-fast staining and fluorescent microscopy are two common test methods
HOW IS CRYPTOSPORIDIOSIS TREATED?
Symptomatic treatment of the disease included rehydration, electrolyte replacement, and antimotility agents. Supplemental zinc may improve symptoms. Highly active antiretroviral therapy is followed for individuals who are immune compromised
DID YOU KNOW?
People diagnosed with cryptosporidiosis are very contagious and need to practice good hygiene with soap and water, avoid swimming in recreational water such as pools, hot tubs, rivers, and lakes (for at least two weeks after Diarrhea stops), avoid sexual practices that might result in oral exposure to stool, avoid close contact with immunosuppressed individuals, and children with cryptosporidiosis diarrhea should be excluded from child care settings until Diarrhea has stopped.