Crooked teeth refer to teeth that are bent or twisted out of shape or out of place. There are several reasons why people's teeth grow in crooked, overlapping, or twisted. Some people's mouths are too small for their teeth, which crowds the teeth and causes them to shift. Most often crooked teeth are inherited traits just as the color of the eyes or size of the hands. Other causes are early loss of baby or adult teeth; improper fit of dental treatments like fillings or crowns; gingivitis (gum disease); undue pressure on the teeth and gums; misalignment of the jaw after an injury; tumors of the mouth or jaw; or common oral health problems in children such as thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, pacifier use beyond the age of three, or prolonged use of a bottle.
HOW IS CROOKED TEETH DIAGNOSED?
The dentist will look for the following signs:
• Abnormal alignment of teeth
• Abnormal appearance of the face
• Difficulty or discomfort when chewing or biting
• Speech difficulties, including a lisp
The dentist will usually refer to an orthodontist who is a dentist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of crooked teeth and misaligned jaws. An x-ray may be recommended to detect the exact cause of the problem.
HOW IS CROOKED TEETH TREATED?
The first step is to diagnose the problem. The orthodontist will decide on the best course of action for treating the crooked teeth or misaligned bite. A removable retainer may all it takes for some people to rectify the problem. For a majority of individuals, braces are a must, to rectify the problem. In extreme cases, like a severe underbite or overbite, it may be necessary to conduct more extensive corrections.
DID YOU KNOW?
This condition usually makes chewing difficult and sometimes, painful.