Crooked teeth are commonly seen and there are several causes why some people have misaligned, twisted and overlapping teeth. Sometimes, people have a very small mouth that the teeth get misaligned and in some cases, the upper and the lower jaws are not of the same size causing some malformation of the teeth. In most cases, crooked teeth are a condition that is inherited just as the colour of the eyes. Early loss of baby tooth can also cause the other teeth to grow crooked. Improper use of dental restorations such as crowns and fillings, gingivitis infection, injury to the jaw or other common dental problems such as thumb sucking and tongue thrusting in children can all cause crooked teeth.
HOW IS CROOKED TEETH DIAGNOSED?
The dentist will look for the following signs:
• Abnormal alignment of teeth
• Abnormal appearance of the face
• Difficulty or discomfort when chewing or biting
• Speech difficulties, including a lisp
The dentist will usually refer to an orthodontist who is a dentist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of crooked teeth and misaligned jaws. An x-ray may be recommended to detect the exact cause of the problem.
HOW IS CROOKED TEETH TREATED?
The treatment begins with an orthodontist taking x-rays, photographs and teeth impressions to determine the course of treatment. In some cases, a removable retainer is all that is needed while for other people, removal of a few teeth may be essential to treat the overcrowding of teeth and make space for the present teeth. Braces are almost always necessary.
DID YOU KNOW?
There can also be speech difficulties or a lisp in people with crooked teeth