Conjunctivitis is defined as pink eye, which is called the inflammation of the conjunctiva. This usually happens because of bacterial infection or viruses or environmental irritants. The symptoms here include the eyes becoming watery and red and it hurts to open. In particular, there is a lot of discharge from the same too.
HOW IS CONJUNCTIVITIS DIAGNOSED?
Conjunctivitis is diagnosed by an ophthalmologist by the symptoms and clinical picture. Swabs of bacterial culture are necessary if the history and signs suggest bacterial conjunctivitis. A patch test is used to identify the causative allergen in the case where conjunctivitis is caused by an allergy. Conjunctival scrapes for cytology can be useful in detecting chlamydial and fungal infections.
HOW IS CONJUNCTIVITIS TREATED?
Conjunctivitis resolves in 65% of cases without treatment, within two to five days. The prescription of antibiotics is not necessary in most cases.
Viral conjunctivitis usually resolves on its own and does not need specific treatment. Antihistamines are used to help the symptoms. Povidone iodine is the suggested treatment
Allergic conjunctivitis is treated initially by pouring cold water over the face with the head inclined downward and in more severe cases non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications are prescribed
Chemical conjunctivitis is treated via irrigation with Ringer's lactate or saline solution
DID YOU KNOW?
The virus that causes Conjunctivitis can also cause STDs.