This condition is caused due to gene mutation which causes a kind of primary immunodeficiency. It also shows low levels of proteins in the body, which are antibodies known as immunoglobulins. This reduces the body’s capacity to fight any toxins or microorganisms that attack the body. This condition can also put the patient at increased risk of cancer.
HOW IS COMMON VARIABLE IMMUNODEFICIENCY DIAGNOSED?
General physicians diagnose Common Variable Immunodeficiency based on the immunoglobulin levels, which show a decrease. They also watch out for the absence of antibody immune response to protein antigens. Detection of pulmonary abnormalities caused by CVID is diagnosed by high-resolution CT scan. Periodic diagnosis of pulmonary function is also required
HOW IS COMMON VARIABLE IMMUNODEFICIENCY TREATED?
The treatment for this problem includes regular doses of intravenous immunoglobulins, which is done about 3-4 weeks. The individual may also be prescribed with other medicines to boost immunity and enhance resistance to diseases. Ig serum may also be given underneath the skin.
DID YOU KNOW?
CVID has an estimated prevalence of about 1,50,000 in Caucasians