The Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia (CML) is another type of cancer that affects the blood and bone barrow. In this condition, the bone marrow produces several white blood cells known as the granulocytes. Also known as the leukaemia blasts, these cells interfere with the normal cell production in the bone marrow. This condition basically starts with the genes in the cells of your blood. Certain sections of two different chromosomes switch their places and create a completely abnormal cell. The condition is divided into three stages – the chronic stage, the accelerated stage and the blastic stage. Based on which stage you are experiencing, your symptoms may vary. In the chronic stage, you may not experience any symptoms. The accelerated stage is relatively mild but there could be severe symptoms in the blastic stage when the cells multiply and crowd the bone marrow.
HOW IS CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA DIAGNOSED?
The doctor may do more tests to confirm the diagnosis, such as
• Physical and medical test
• Complete blood count.
• Bone marrow test
• FISH test (fluorescence in situ hybridization).
• Ultrasound or CT scans.
• Polymerase chain reaction test
HOW IS CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA TREATED?
Treatment begins with prescribing the tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) to slow down the pace of progress of the cancer. Chemotherapy and radiation is the next step. A stem cell transplant may help some patients.
DID YOU KNOW?
CML is a condition that usually makes its appearance in middle age or later. The condition presents some very common symptoms that can be easily mistaken for other chronic ailments.