Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) is a primary immunodeficiency disease that is inherited. This disease increases the body’s susceptibility to bacterial and fungal infections. People affected with chronic granulomatous disease get sick very easily and are unable to fight common infections. Symptoms are:
• Catch infections very easily
• Development of granulomatous lesions on skin, lungs and bones
• Excessive gammaglobin in blood
• Low levels of circulating RBCs
• Chronic infection of liver, gastrointestinal tract and eyes
• Repeated and frequent infection of lymph nodes
• Bone infections and brain abscesses
HOW IS CHRONIC GRANULOMATOUS DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
The Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) usually develops in infants and young children. When a child is frequently falling ill due to bacterial and fungal infections, a general physicianmay recommend a test to undermine the hydrogen peroxide production by the patient’s body cells. A decrease in this can be an indication of CGD.
HOW IS CHRONIC GRANULOMATOUS DISEASE TREATED?
The treatment will be carried out by the general physician with the help of antibiotics and predisone on a long term basis. Steroids and antifungal therapy may also prove useful.
DID YOU KNOW?
The infections borne due to this disease can also cause abscess in the patient’s internal organs.