Cholera is a potentially fatal disease that causes water like stool and loose motions. This disease can also lead to dehydration. It is usually caused by the Vibrio Cholerae bacterium that can contaminate drinking water. The symptoms include accelerated heart rate, low blood pressure and pain in the muscles.
HOW IS CHOLERA DIAGNOSED?
Rapid cholera dipstick tests are now available that enable health care providers in remote areas to confirm diagnosis of cholera in its early stages. Early detection helps to decrease death rates at the start of cholera outbreaks and leads to earlier public health interventions for outbreak control.
HOW IS CHOLERA TREATED?
A general physician treats Cholera. Treatment includes:
1. Rehydration with ORS
2. Medications such as tetracycline, doxycycline, furazolidone, erythromycin, azithromycin, sulfamethoxazole, ampicillin, norfloxacin may be used.