Caused by eating food or drinking water that is contaminated by bacterium Vibrio Cholerae, Cholera is a widely spread infectious disease that can cause severe watery diarrhoea that can lead to extreme dehydration. Cholera can even be fatal if not treated at the right time. Cholera is most common in places that have poor sanitation facilities. The most prominent symptom of the disease is watery diarrhoea with or without vomiting. Rapid heart rate, increased thirst and muscle cramps are other symptoms.
HOW IS CHOLERA DIAGNOSED?
Rapid cholera dipstick tests are now available that enable health care providers in remote areas to confirm diagnosis of cholera in its early stages. Early detection helps to decrease death rates at the start of cholera outbreaks and leads to earlier public health interventions for outbreak control.
HOW IS CHOLERA TREATED?
Antibiotics are quite commonly available to treat cholera but because the condition can cause dehydration very quickly, immediate treatment is a must. Prevention is always better and the best way to do so is to maintain a clean and hygienic environment, particularly with water that you consume.
DID YOU KNOW?
Though the modern sewage system and sanitation facilities have helped largely in reducing the number of cholera cases, about 150,000 cases are reported to World Health Organization every year.