The Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia also commonly known as ALL is one of the most common types of cancers in children. This condition affects the bone marrow and the blood cells. Children with this condition develop a larger number of immature lymphocytes, a type of white blood cells, in their bone marrow. These lymphocytes interfere with the production of healthy white blood cells as well as red blood cells making the child more prone to lose immunity. This leads to increased risk of infections, anaemia and easy and continuous bleeding. The common symptoms of this condition include persistent fever, easy bleeding and bruising, flat dark-red spots under the skin that may be caused due to internal bleeding, joint pain, general weakness, loss of appetite and lumps around neck, stomach and groin.
HOW IS CHILDHOOD ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA DIAGNOSED?
A paediatric oncologist uses the following tests to diagnose this condition:
2. Bone marrow aspiration biopsy
3. Cytogenetic analysis
4. Chest X-Ray
HOW IS CHILDHOOD ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA TREATED?
Because, cancers are rare in paediatrics, there are also several clinical trials that can be considered as a treatment option. These clinical trials, however, allow only those children who haven’t undergone any treatment as this increases the chances of success for the trial.