It is the cancer that begins in the uterine cervix , the lower most part of the uterus that contracts the upper vagina. Almost all cervical cancers are caused by longstanding infection with one of the HPVs. The symptoms are:
1. Abnormal vaginal bleeding
2. Vaginal bleeding after menopause
3. Vaginal bleeding after sex
4. Bleeding or spotting between periods
5. Longer or heavier menstrual periods than usual
6. Other abnormal vaginal discharge
7. Pain during sexual intercourse
HOW IS CERVICAL CANCER DIAGNOSED?
The gynecologist will do a regular pelvic exam and also suggest a PAP test for further diagnosis. A Pap test shows abnormal cell changes in the cervix. The doctor may suggest a tissue biopsy if there are symptoms of bleeding.
HOW IS CERVICAL CANCER TREATED?
Treatment of cervical cancer is done through radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery. Hysterectomy or surgical removal of the uterus may be done when cancer spreads in the entire uterus. Other surgical treatment methods are removal of pelvic lymph nodes, with or without removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes. Precancerous changes in the cervix may be treated through cryosurgery, laser surgery or cauterization.
DID YOU KNOW?
Cervical cancer is the most common type of cancer in women worldwide