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Cavities refer to tooth decay, which occurs when specific types of bacteria produce acid that destroys the tooth’s enamel and its underlying layer, the dentin. They are holes in teeth caused due to tooth decay. The signs and symptoms are:
• Sensitivity to sweet, hot or cold foods or drinks
• Pain when chewing
HOW IS CAVITIES DIAGNOSED?
A dentist can detect a cavity by using a sharp instrument to feel tooth structure that has been softened by tooth decay. If a cavity forms in between the teeth, it may only be visible on an X Ray. Other diagnostic tools that are used to detect cavities include ultrasound, fluorescence, or fiberoptic transillumination.
HOW IS CAVITIES TREATED?
Treatment depends on how bad the cavity is. Most often, the dentist removes the decayed portion of the tooth with a drill and fills it. Crowns are used when a tooth is so badly decayed that not much of it remains. a root canal may be required if the root or pulp of your tooth is dead.
DID YOU KNOW?
The best way to avoid cavities is to follow a healthy dental hygiene and regular clean ups by the dentist along with check ups for any problems.