Carotid arteries are the major blood vessels that deliver blood to brain. One carotid artery is located on each side of the neck. Carotid artery disease is blockage in or both of these arteries decreasing the amount of blood flow to brain. This can lead to a stroke. Early stages of this disease rarely causes symptoms. As the disease advances, the symptoms are :
1. sudden weakness or numbness in the face, arms or legs
2. trouble speaking or understanding
3. sudden vision problems in one or both eyes
5. sudden, severe headaches
6. numbness or weakness in the limbs, one side of the face
7. drooping on one side of the face
HOW IS CAROTID ARTERY DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
Cardiologists diagnose carotid artery disease by evaluating medical history, physical exam and test results. During physical examination, the doctor listens to your heart for a whooshing sound. Tests for diagnosing the disease are carotid ultrasound, carotid angiography, magnetic resonance angiography and CT Angiography.
HOW IS CAROTID ARTERY DISEASE TREATED?
Treatment of carotid artery disease is done through healthy lifestyle changes, medication and medical procedures. Eating heart healthy food, quitting smoking and drinking, stress and weight management, and regular exercises are some lifestyle changes that help in treating carotid artery disease. Medical procedures involve surgical removal of the blocks in the arteries.
DID YOU KNOW?
Taking action to control your risk factors help prevention of carotid artery disease.