Carotid Artery Disease is a condition where one or both of the carotid arteries that lie on either side of the neck become blocked, thus reducing the flow of blood to the brain, which can further lead to a stroke. This blockage can occur due to excess cholesterol, protein, calcium, fat or cellular waste.
HOW IS CAROTID ARTERY DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of this condition can be done with the help of a physical examination by a cardiologist or a general physician who will first of all try to find the strength of the pulse at the sides of the neck. A stethoscope can also be used to listen for a swishing sound that doctors term as a bruit. Also, ultrasounds, CT scans, MRI scans, and a Cerebral Angiogram can be used for diagnosis.
HOW IS CAROTID ARTERY DISEASE TREATED?
If you have CAD and not have experienced a stroke, preventive lifestyle changes will be suggested as the best treatment option. In case you have already had a stroke, an invasive surgery may be performed to remove the blockage.
DID YOU KNOW?
Taking action to control your risk factors help prevention of carotid artery disease.