Contaminated, raw food can often carry a group of bacteria known as Brucella. This can infect humans and animals, in which case the condition is known as Brucellosis. The symptoms usually include joint and muscle pain, appetite loss, pain in the back, dullness and lethargy, and fever accompanied by chills.
HOW IS BRUCELLOSIS DIAGNOSED?
Brucellosis will be diagnosed by a history of a contact with an infected animal and a thorough physical examination. General physician may elicit, swollen liver, spleen and lymph nodes along with swelling and tenderness in joints. In some patients, a rash may also be seen. In addition, blood tests will be done to identify the exact strain of bacteria which has caused the disease and it will help to identify the source of infection which will decide the method of treatment.
HOW IS BRUCELLOSIS TREATED?
Brucellosis, is a disease which is hard to be treated. However, antibiotics will be prescribed by the general physician, based on the strain of bacteria. The course of antibiotics will be long ( many weeks) since there is 5-15% chance of recurrence. This recurrence usually occurs during the first 6 months following treatment. Recovery may take a long time and patients who initiate the treatment within the first month after the onset of symptoms will recover completely.
DID YOU KNOW?
Severe Brucellosis may affect the central nervous system, the lining of the heart and valves and the liver.