Bone tumors are when cells divide abnormally and uncontrollably, they can form a mass or lump of tissue. This lump is called a tumor. A bone tumor may be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign). They often occur in areas of the bone that grow rapidly. Possible causes are genetic defects, radiation exposure and injury.
HOW IS BONE TUMORS DIAGNOSED?
The oncologist will perform a physical exam and may suggest tests which include:
• Alkaline phosphatase blood level
• Bone biopsy
• Bone scan
• Chest x-ray
• CT scan of the chest
• MRI of the bone and surrounding tissue
• X-ray of bone and surrounding tissue
HOW IS BONE TUMORS TREATED?
Constant monitoring of a benign tumour with the help of X Rays will help in determining the severity of the tumour. If there is a risk of malignancy, then the tumour may be surgically removed from the body. Malignant tumours will require surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.