Sleep disorders in children and adolescents are common, even infants may have sleep disorders. Studies have shown that poor sleep quality and/or quantity in children are associated with a host of problems, including academic, behavioral, developmental and social difficulties, weight abnormalities, and other health problems. The types of disorder are:
• Sleep apnea
• REM sleep behavior disorder
• Periodic limb movement disorder
• Sleep paralysis
• Enuresis (bedwetting)
• Nightmares/sleep terrors
• Delayed sleep phase syndrome
HOW IS PEDIATRIC SLEEP DISORDERS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of pediatric sleep disorders is based on observation of sleep pattern and symptoms. The pediatrician may ask questions about the child’s routine and lifestyle. In some cases a somnologist may be brought in to study the child’s sleep pattern in a sleep lab.
HOW IS PEDIATRIC SLEEP DISORDERS TREATED?
Treatment is based on diagnosis. Sleep therapy and behavioural counselling may help with the treatment process.
DID YOU KNOW?
Sleep disorders in children may lead to daytime moodiness, irritability, lack of focus in class, sleepiness in school, inability to get up in time for school, and significant behavioral and learning problems. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to cause adverse cardiovascular and metabolic effects as well as failure to thrive.