TMJ is a type of temporomandibular disorder which causes pain in jaw joint and in the muscles that control jaw movement.Signs and symptoms of TMJ include:
• Pain or tenderness of your jaw
• Pain in one or both of the temporomandibular joints
• Aching pain in and around your ear
• Difficulty chewing or pain while chewing
• Aching facial pain
• Locking of the joint, making it difficult to open or close your mouth
HOW IS TMJ DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis involves a thorough physical examination of the jaw bone to look for specific areas of pain. MRI, CT scan and x-rays will be needed for further investigations.
HOW IS TMJ TREATED?
The following treatments may be advised:
• exercises to strengthen the jaw muscles
• medications prescribed by the dentist, for example, muscle relaxants, analgesics, anti-anxiety drugs or anti-inflammatory medications
• a night guard or bite plate to decrease clenching or grinding of teeth.
• In some cases, the dentist may recommend fixing an uneven bite by adjusting or reshaping some teeth. Orthodontic treatment may also be recommended. The dentist can suggest the most appropriate therapy based on the suspected cause.