Arterial thrombosis may be caused by hardening of the arteries, called arteriosclerosis. This happens when fatty or calcium deposits cause artery walls to thicken. This can lead to a buildup of fatty material (called plaque) in the artery walls. This plaque can suddenly burst (rupture), followed by a blood clot. Arterial thrombosis can occur in the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle (coronary arteries). This can lead to a heart attack. When arterial thrombosis occurs in a blood vessel in the brain, it can lead to a stroke. The cardiologist may provide treatment which may include blood-thinning medicines (anticoagulants), thin tubes (catheters) to widen the affected vessels, a wire mesh tube (stent) that holds a blood vessel open and stops it from closing, and medicines to interfere with or dissolve blood clots, etc. Pulmonary Embolism treatment depends on the size and location of the clot. It can involve medication, surgery, or both. The ultimate goal is to break up the clot and restore proper circulation. Angioplasty may be performed to bypass a blood clot. It's a technique used to open up blocked or narrowed blood vessels. A balloon catheter is inserted into an artery and guided towards the clot. Once there, it's inflated to open up the blocked vessel. A stent may be used to support the repaired walls. Recovery will depend on how long you've had the embolism, the location of the clot, and the severity. Arterial embolism requires prompt treatment at a hospital. The goals of treatment are to control symptoms and to improve the interrupted blood flow to the affected area of the body. The cause of the clot, if found, should be treated to prevent further problems.
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