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Dr. Vijayalakshmi Damera - Psychologist, Kakinada

Dr. Vijayalakshmi Damera

88 (270 ratings)
Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education

Psychologist, Kakinada

13 Years Experience  ·  1000 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Dr. Vijayalakshmi Damera 88% (270 ratings) Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education Psychologist, Kakinada
13 Years Experience  ·  1000 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Mental illness.

Mental Illness

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Awareness!Realization!Transformation!...more
Awareness!Realization!Transformation!
More about Dr. Vijayalakshmi Damera
Dr. Vijayalakshmi Damera is a practicing Counselling Psychologist since 30 years. She operates from her clinic called Strategies, Options & Solutions in Srinagar, Kakinada. She is also an Educational Counsellor, Career Counsellor, a Neuro Linguistic Programmer, Life Coach.

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Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology - Andhra University - 2004
Ph. D - Education - Andhra University - 2016
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Psychologist Educationist Trainer Assessment Counselling Therapy

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3 Mental Disorders That Genes Can Pass!

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
3 Mental Disorders That Genes Can Pass!

The risk of a mental illness increases, if one or more of your family members have a mental disorder, but this increased risk doesn't guarantee that you will develop a mental illness. Not only have some mental illnesses been found to be hereditary in nature, but certain studies have found that some major mental illnesses can be traced to the same genetic variations.

Some hereditary psychiatric disorders are:

  1. Obsessive compulsive disorder: Obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD is a disorder of the brain and behavior. A person suffering from OCD has uncontrollable, recurring thoughts and behaviors they cannot stop repeating. Ocd also causes severe anxiety in such people. In 2000, a study conducted by researchers in Washington d. C. And Baltimore concluded that having one or more ocd family member (s) may increase the chances of you developing it too. In 2010, a study tracked down possible chromosomes that may be responsible for OCD.
  2. Schizophrenia: Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness that affects and dictates how a person feels, thinks and behaves. Those suffering from schizophrenia may lose touch with reality and experience delusions, hallucinations, thought disorders and movement disorders. It has been seen that people who have an identical twin with schizophrenia are 50% more likely to develop the disorder and those who have one parent suffering from schizophrenia are 18% more likely to inherit the illness.
  3. Depression: Major depression or clinical depression is a common though severe mood disorder. It is characterized by an episode of sadness or apathy along with other symptoms that last at least for two consecutive weeks. Those suffering from depression may feel helpless and worthless, lose all interest in daily activities or activities they used to enjoy and feel unable to take part in normal day-to-day activities. Other symptoms of depression also include sleep pattern and appetite changes, chronic fatigue, concentration or focus problems and physical discomfort. Some patients with depression may become suicidal.

In 2011, a study pinned down a specific chromosome that may trigger depression development. Research on the hereditary properties of depression within families shows that some people are more prone to develop the disorder than others. If you have a parent or sibling that suffers from depression, you might be 1.5 to 3 times more likely to develop depression than those who do not have a close family member suffering from this condition. You are also more prone to developing bipolar disorder in such a scenario.

6 people found this helpful

How do I tackle depressive thoughts, or depression? I maybe harmful for myself. Pls help.

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
How do I tackle depressive thoughts, or depression?
I maybe harmful for myself. Pls help.
First write down all thoughts in your head as they come. Categorise then as useful useless and productive Review thoughts after a week You will understand your problem.
4 people found this helpful
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I have been having anxiety problem since 3 months. I am getting anxious during certain times like travelling, watching movies, etc. I keep thinking "what if I faint and fall down. Will people admit me to the hospital immediately to save my life" thoughts every time. When I get anxious, I start to feel very light headed, I get sweats and my heartbeat runs faster and I get chills in my heart. Can you please give me medicine to reduce these symptoms?

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
I have been having anxiety problem since 3 months. I am getting anxious during certain times like travelling, watchin...
This is a typical anxiety attack which is a cycle of irrelevant thoughts which make you panic over nothing. Perceived future is a probability. Focus on what you have to do now. Not about what may happen in future.
1 person found this helpful
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Depression - How It Varies from Person to Person!

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
Depression - How It Varies from Person to Person!

Recently most of us were shaken by the death of the well-known television actress, Pratyusha Banerjee. Her sudden death has brought to light the very common yet under-addressed problem - Depression -  that a number of youths are living with.

Most mental and emotional health issues are inconspicuous in nature and, therefore, cause more harm than they otherwise should, most people still live with a number of symptoms of depression without even realizing it or do little to address it. When the depressive symptoms last for more than 2 weeks and affect the individual's personal, social or occupational life, it is known as clinical depression or major depression. There is often a delay in opting for the treatment because of the social taboo associated with depression.

Although cases of depression can vary from an individual to the other, there are signs that one can look out for, to identify a depressed person:

  1. Low mood most of the time of day along with frequent crying spells
  2. Feeling of unworthiness and low self-respect are very common in a depressed person. Due to these feelings, the affected person may become very critical and disapproving about himself or herself.
  3. Lack of enjoyment and loss of interest in a depressed person makes them no longer derive pleasure from things that once gave him or her happiness.
  4. Exhaustion and insomnia are signs that one should look out for in a depressed individual. These are usually due to changes in sleep patterns, from sleeping a lot because of feelings of constant fatigue or due to instances of wakefulness.
  5. From indulging in comfort eating to losing the will to eat, predominantly loss of appetite characterizes a depressed person.
  6. Difficulty in recalling details and tendency to over generalize as also problem-solving issues can point to the presence of depression
  7. Unexplained bodily pains and aches are another characteristics of the condition.  

What are the different types of depression?

Regarding the different forms of this mental health issue, it comes in several forms along with their distinct symptoms, effects, and causes. These are:

  1. Major depression
  2. Dysthymia
  3. Recurrent depressive disorder
  4. Seasonal affective disorder
  5. Bipolar disorder

How can it affect your life?

More than 90% people who commit suicide suffer from some form of psychiatric illness and depression is the most common reason. The despair that usually accompanies depression makes the thought of taking one's life as the only means available to escape the pain. In addition to suicidal thoughts, it can also affect one's functioning in day to day life if help is not sought in time.

Depression is as curable as any other illness. Both medical management and psychotherapy are helpful in treatment. Type of treatment depends on patient's condition, the severity of illness as well as availability.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5081 people found this helpful

I proposed that girl and he also love me but when I reach to her house he doesn't talk to me. And he avoid me in presence of any person. Then I got depressed. I think he loves me or not. But I believe he loves me so much but when he does not talk to me I become worried. Why this happened?

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
I proposed that girl and he also love me but when I reach to her house he doesn't talk to me. And he avoid me in pres...
Women like men to follow them about as it boosts their ego. But if a relationship has to last then you need to understand that there must be reciprocation.
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I'm 25 year old male I've been diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia now I'm fine but sometimes I get so depressed thinking about my past about my ex girlfriend ,now I don't trust anyone and I'm unable to sleep in nights what should I do?

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
I'm 25 year old male I've been diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia now I'm fine but sometimes I get so depressed th...
Instead of past think of how to get successful and get back your list attention. You can't do what you can't. You also cannot get back the past.
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What are the symptoms of anxiety? How to cope up with anxiety? I am having always unknown fear and I worry ​alot for everything. Is it anxiety?

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
What are the symptoms of anxiety? How to cope up with anxiety? I am having always unknown fear and I worry ​alot for ...
Fear of future causes anxiety. Be in the present and do what you can do. Leave the rest to God. All will go well. Worrying doesn't help you get what you want. It only messes your mind and makes you dysfunctional.
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Hi doctor, this is my life which im telling u, please read carefully and guide me, the decision which you tel will be definitely followed by me. Doctor im very very sensitive girl, I believe wat ever people tel, I believe all are good, I was not knowing how people re outside world, I was grown up securely wit loving parents, im very studious girl I got distinction in 10th std, but once I got in deg my mind got changed, I was influcend wit bad boys, on name of love anf marragige guy loved me I trusted him very much, I felt he ll. Marry me, hevused me sexually, but one day I came to know his thoughts, he became selfish, he became cruel so gradually I became far from him, this happened in. Just six months, but in all. These inevwr quit my studies I completed bsc, later on entered msc also, there once I got kidnapoed and raped from. College student, since I was in depression I came in contact wit other guy as good friend he was close to me as friend, he also parallel cheated me, like how first person i did, bcz of this second person I again got cheated in life, he was my classmate, same area also, o dint qant to cheat him so I said all real facts wat happened, he aggred, and he became closer again on name of love but fhis person aslo cheated me for sex, I beloved him blindly but he cheated, I ws going to his home, I know all his parents, all are very close to me, but neve expected tat this guy also cheat me. For sex,.in all. Fhi issues I some. How cleared msc also bcz im very passion about my studies I wanted to study more, so I completed msc, after I came out my dad was not well so I joinef for job in school, later by doing job I even completed B ed by doing job, evwn tat time second faint was in contact he was taking my salary also, he used. Me for money were I was not aware of tia tings in fat age, after B ed I gradually came in teaching field, I became. letter also mean while dad was not well so I tried to forget everything and became backbone. To.my family, till the age of 27i worked for my parents. I really love my parents. Now I got married as per parents wish, im. happy in. My life. This is what happened in my entire life once I entered job i.came to know wat s good. Anf bad, till. Tat I was vey innocent, but now after marriage im feeling like im cheating my husband, I got bleeding, vaginal infection, lower abdominal pain after my first night, doctor clearly said ir virgin, fo few people infections will happen bcz its for first time sex, so im confused wat happed in my past, doctor I really promise no one inserted directly, I never gave tat chance, but I do not perfectly remember wat happened, now the question. Is am I really good girl, am ideally pure girl bcz I had bleeding after first night, why did I believe those boys so much, y was I influenced so much, am I really cheating my husband, wat should I do now in future. Should I die bcz I did mistake, o I have dream. To educate poor children and help poor people aholud I carry on wit my life on fulfilling my dream. My parents are poor so im unaffordable to go to hospital for treatment please Kindly help me in giving good decision, wat ever decision doctor give I ll follow, if you tell to. Forget past and lead future please Do guide me on how to forget also, I should not have tat guilt feel abut my husband, please guide me. doctor im trusting iu,

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
Hi doctor, this is my life which im telling u, please read carefully and guide me, the decision which you tel will be...
You are a good girl and are very good at heart. Whatever happened in the past is beat forgotten but what you must learn about it is that you must never allow anyone too close to cheat you. I understand your nature. But never listen to people point of view think from your point of view. You are lucky as you have a good husband. You also have a situation of bleeding where there is no doubt about your past. Start your life afresh. Forget past. If you live your husband be good to him. Don't say anything about past because it's beat forgotten. Lead a good happy life with your husband. You are not a cheater. You got cheated. It's not your fault. Start a new chapter. Best wishes.
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Mood disorders - Should You Be Concerned?

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
Mood disorders - Should You Be Concerned?

Mood disorders are common psychological problems that affect a vast portion of the human populace all over the world every year. These occur when there is a shift or imbalance in a person's psyche which affects his or her daily function and interpersonal relations in varying degrees. Each individual is affected by these conditions in a different capacity and responds to them in a distinct manner.

Mood disorders generally manifest themselves as fluctuations in a person's temperament. It is triggered by various factors. These mental illnesses range from mild to severe, the latter requiring urgent psychological counseling and treatment. A mild condition may even develop into a painful and chronic one without any form of remedial intervention.

What are the most common types of mood disorders?

There are many distinctive categories of mood disorders that can affect a person. The most commonly occurring ones are as follows:

  1. Major depressive disorder
  2. Bipolar disorder
  3. Dysthymia
  4. Cyclothymia
  5. Seasonal affective disorder (sad)

Major depression is the most frequently occurring type of mood disorder. It causes mental and emotional turmoil, as well as physical anguish. Those affected by it may experience a single episode in isolation or multiple episodes over a period of time. The milder version of this condition is known as dysthymia.

Bipolar disorder is a comparatively rare condition that causes alternating states of extreme mania and depression. It is also known as manic-depressive illness. The mild version of this is called cyclothymia.

Seasonal affective disorder or sad is a depressive disorder that is known to affect those living in colder climes. It is caused generally by the lack of warmth and light, the onset of which begins in late autumn and lasts till the end of winter.

What causes a mood disorder?

Mood disorders are very difficult to diagnose as they can be caused by an assortment of triggers and the symptoms are not always apparent. This is particularly true in the case of dysthymia and cyclothymia.

Some of the usual factors that lead to mood disorders are:

  1. Chronic stress and anxiety
  2. Anomalies in the functioning of the nervous system
  3. Prolonged periods of isolation
  4. Genetics
  5. Childhood abuse and trauma
  6. Ineffectual coping mechanisms
  7. Insufficient nourishment/malnutrition

In most cases, a combination of multiple factors usually leads to the development of mood disorders and other mental illnesses. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychologist.

5084 people found this helpful

ADHD - What Can Cause It?

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
ADHD - What Can Cause It?

ADHD refers to attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, which is a brain-related condition found among preschoolers, children, teenagers and in many cases extends well into adulthood. These individuals have significant impairment in academics as well as social situations and interpersonal relations. The child has difficulty sustaining attention, phases of hyper activeness and cannot control his/her impulses which make their day to day life at school and home difficult.

ADHD Symptoms

The symptoms of this disorder among children can be categorized under three headings.

  1. Hyperactivity which includes
    1. Fidgeting
    2. Restlessness
    3. Inability to stay at one place runs around and tries to climb things
    4. Trouble playing quietly
    5. Excessive talking
  2. Inattention, which can be divided into symptoms like
    1. Getting easily distracted
    2. Tendency to loose things
    3. Daydreaming
    4. Facing problems related to organizing things
    5. Not listening carefully
    6. Forgetting about daily activities, carelessness
  3. Impulsiveness
    1. Interrupts others as they speak and talks out of turn
    2. Answers questions without listening to what has been asked
    3. Not being able to wait for their turn to come

Prevalence :
10-12% of school children before puberty are affected by one or more types of ADHD. ADHD especially hyperactivity is more prevalent in boys than in girls, with the ratio up to 9:1. Inattention and poor concentration are more commonly seen amongst girls. The rate of ADHD in parents and sibling of children with ADHD is 5-10 times higher than in the general population.

ADHD Causes
The probable causes of ADHD among children are,

  1. Neurodevelopmental changes - Poorly developed activity of the brain particularly in the areas that control attention and concentration cause ADHD. This causes an imbalance in the neurotransmitters or the chemicals important for brain functioning and development.
  2. Genetic Factors - genetic studies show that ADHD is largely hereditary in nature with a heritability of 75% approximately.

Hi, I have a gf. She loves me very much, care for me, even she had fast for me. I don't know why I am so rude to her sometimes. I love her very much but sometimes I am very rude to her without any big reason. This makes her very sad. She cries because of my rude behaviour. When I am rude on her, I forget all the happy moments that we spent together and also forget her care that what she does. Pls tell me what should I do to be happy with her and should not be rude on her on the little things. As this daily fighting is disturbing our relationship.

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
You have a nature in you that resembles an eagle. You have expectations from her and when those small expectations don't happen you lose your cool. You burst out out of intense love because you want her to change. Instead of shouting at her you can first identify what makes you so irritable and how to change thought process and expectations. First be clear with how she should change and then let her know it in simple terms. That should change things.
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Moodswings - Identify the Signs!

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
Moodswings - Identify the Signs!

Cyclothymia is a type of a mood disorder which is relatively light or mild in nature. If you are suffering from this condition, then you will experience extreme mood swings for very short periods of time. During these mood swings, you may experience a low period (depressed mood) or a high period when you are extremely happy.

Identification
There is no set or structured pattern for the highs and lows that you will experience during this condition. This feature of the disease makes it more difficult to detect and diagnose. The duration of your mood swings usually last just for a few days but can also be extended up to a few weeks. So, the only sign of identifying this medical condition is that if you are not having a normal mood for an extended period of time then you should consult a specialist doctor to enquire more about the condition.

Symptoms
Though there are no special symptoms of this disorder, the usual signs of mild depression and hypomania can be a possible symptom of Cyclothymia.

Some of them are:

  1. Hypomanic symptoms
  2. Racing thoughts
  3. Minimal sleep
  4. Excessive talking
  5. Extreme optimism
  6. Raised self-esteem
  7. Being happy without any reason

Depressive symptoms

  1. Hopelessness
  2. Unnecessary fear
  3. Restlessness
  4. Fatigue
  5. Concentration difficulties
  6. Abnormal weight changes

Remedy
The mood swings that you experience during this situation do not get better with time or vanish automatically. So it is always desirable that you seek some medical assistance from a specialist doctor on seeing the symptoms of either hypomania or depression.

Complications
This does not always hold true but you might also start to experience suicidal thoughts if you also have a bipolar I or II disorder along with cyclothymia. So, if any such thoughts appear in your mind, then you should seek immediate medical assistance.

2 people found this helpful

Dear sir/madam. This is my sad story to my baby .last 3 years back we have girl baby. Baby fine for 3 month but suddenly baby got hurting. We go to Doctor clinic. He told me treating but not to get baby fine. Then we go to clinic ,doctor told me go to big hospital ,then we go to hospital baby starting to cry always ahh ahh ahh ahh lyk this. Doctors taking ICU but 3 days giving treatment they told me. Urine infection .baby not cure 4th day baby dead. Doctor not telling what is that problem. Then now 8 month back born boy baby. That baby also fine but 3 month after happening same problem baby starting cough we going to clinic there is giving tonics and some treatment ,also nebloising and baby starting wheezing sound in throat. Then it's not getting control then we going to same hospital there admitting .first day giving oxygen it's cure in 2 day in ICU .then shifting ward 8 hours after suddenly night. Starting vomiting then going to ICU after 4 days baby dead we are suffering a lot, I can't understand please tell me what is this I am very sad. Doctor can't understand what is the problem .they can't find please told me please give me suggestions. We are doing all test all OK fine, please tell me.

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
Dear sir/madam. This is my sad story to my baby  .last 3 years back we have girl baby. Baby fine for 3 month but sudd...
The first and foremost principle is one of fate which no one can control. Second there must be some genetic defect which has not been diagnosed at birth Third diagnosis is the ultimate for any treatment which is not done well. When you have the third child male sure that all tests are done prior to delivery and after birth itself. I think that some genetic problem exists which was not diagnosed Consider yourself lucky that the baby passed away early rather than grow up undiagnosed and face problems after they grow up. Next child don't take chances just get all tests done. I know it's tough but that's the way of life.
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I lost somebody close last year so I feel depressed from last year so please tell me the treatment about this depression.

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
I lost somebody close last year so I feel depressed from last year so please tell me the treatment about this depress...
Accepting permanent loss is part of life. Instead of feeling they have gone you can keep that person close to your heart by filling good memories and keeping it with you all the time. Then they are with you eternally.
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Hello doctor My mom age 50 .from past years she has become more chidchidi .got angry too much even in small jokes also n things .she always thinks she is right .not only mom even dad too .I know it's a affect of growing age .they r becoming like childish nature .old age is return of child only bt there is point of time or situation we can't control our anger so we speak loudly .just like my father after job lay down in sofa in watch TV .my mom gonahate it hartime TV Nd small fight noon understand each other .they will compare us with other at the age of you I do or people do lots of things but you r so weak always tired .ya I'm weak I can't do lots of work just like garage shutter is too heavy whenever I try to open it my hands pain so I avoid it plus I'm thin not so strong whatever it's depends on habit .a worker do lot of work bt don't feel that much tired but if we work half of it also one day we will fell exhausted .bt parents perspective can't b change .or if I will compare them with other then the silence prevails before the storm. Whatever it's a family drama .bt please suggest me what to do to improve their nature plus suggest me too how to deal as sometime I feel so depressed .I know it's a starting only later onn much difficulty r waiting .then also please suggest ty. My age 22 thin .wt 40 .very emotional person.

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
Hello doctor
My mom age 50 .from past years she has become more chidchidi .got angry too much even in small jokes als...
It their house and their environment so I think it's you who should adjust. First don't try to change them as they won't. Instead you try to focus on yourself and be who you want to be. Stop looking at them in a critical manner and start developing your strengths.
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I work in night shift and I sleep in day. Sometimes I am getting dreams and after I waking up I feel like my head is paining a lot and I feel that there is no complete sleep. Why this is happening?

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
I work in night shift and I sleep in day. Sometimes I am getting dreams and after I waking up I feel like my head is ...
Deep sleep causes dreams. Maybe your dreams are stressful asked you are carrying the after effects of dream into conscious life Try to sleep without problems. That means before sleep try to relax. Listen to soothing music When you sleep peacefully you will wake peacefully.
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