Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, is the most common type of arthritis in children under the age of 17. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis causes persistent joint pain, swelling and stiffness. Some children may experience symptoms for only a few months, while others have symptoms for the rest of their lives. There is no evidence that foods, toxins, allergies or lack of vitamins play a role in developing the disease. Current research indicates that there is a genetic predisposition.
HOW IS JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis involves a thorough physical examination and an analysis of the symptoms. The general physician may require a complete blood count (CBC), blood culture, bone marrow biopsy and other lab tests. A test of rheumatoid factor (RF) may also be done.
HOW IS JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS TREATED?
Treatment for the problem here includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAID followed with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and intra-articular and oral corticosteroids. In rare cases, surgery may also be suggested. Exercises and physiotherapy follow suit.
DID YOU KNOW?
In some children the problem can be completely treated while others have to live with it.