Brachydactyly is shortening of the fingers and toes due to unusually short bones. This is an inherited condition, and in most cases does not present any problems. There are different types of brachydactyly, based on which bones that are shortened. This condition can also be a symptom of other genetic disorders. Brachydactyly may also be accompanied by other hand malformations, such as syndactyly, polydactyly, reduction defects, or symphalangism.
HOW IS BRACHYDACTYLY DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of brachydactyly is clinical, anthropometric and radiological. Orthopedician may examine your fingers and toes to diagnose the condition. In very mild cases the diagnosis can be made only through an X-ray. It can be diagnosed at 11 weeks to 14 weeks of gestation.
HOW IS BRACHYDACTYLY TREATED?
The majority of cases don’t require treatment. Physical therapy is helpful in case of gripping issues. In severe cases, surgery may help.