Post Exposure Prophylaxis for HIV is the treatment meant for people with the risk of contracting HIV and the treatment has to be administered within 48 to 72 hours of the exposure. The actual cause for the exposure can be many, including accidental ones. Unprotected sex, having sex with a person known to be affected with HIV and anal and oral sex could all be causes for an individual male or female to be exposed to the HIV virus and they should immediately take this HIV exposure treatment. The treatment itself is the administration of drugs. Among the HIV prophylaxis medications, Emtricitabine is the most preferred and recommended and it usually prescribed in combination with Tenofovir and the combination has been found to be very effective. If the affected person is not an adult, then Zidovidune and Lamivudine are the drugs the doctors will prescribe to prevent them from being afflicted with HIV following an accidental exposure. The HIV post exposure prophylaxis treatment, also known as PEP has to run a 28-day course. This is the duration of treatment prescribed by the WHO in its guidelines for PEP. As the name itself suggests, the purpose of the treatment is to prevent any person who might have knowingly or unknowingly been exposed to the HIV virus from going on to contract the disease. This purpose is achieved through the PEP treatment. If the person strictly adheres to the drug dosage, the tests will show negative for HIV virus at the end of the 28 day period.
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