Infertility can be caused by various conditions affecting the reproductive system in the male or the female partner. Fertility treatments including medication, hormone therapy, or laparoscopy may be prescribed in accordance with the nature of the problem encountered by the couple.
The first stage of treatment is usually the prescription of fertility drugs that stimulate ovulation in women. The male partner may be given medicines to increase sperm count as well.
If the medications fail to produce the desired results, the couple may be recommended assisted reproductive therapies or embryology. The procedure involves the use of several techniques to aid fertilization and development of an embryo.
Some of the more common treatments include artificial insemination, and in-vitro fertilization. Artificial insemination refers to the procedure by which sperm is injected directly into the womb to expedite the fertilization process. In-Vitro Fertilization, on the other hand, includes a series of procedures that aid conception. The eggs retrieved from the woman's ovaries are injected with sperms in the lab for fertilization. The fertilized egg is replaced into the uterus after it develops into an embryo.
Apart from this, a couple can opt for sperm donation if the male partner is unable to produce viable sperms, the borrowed sperms are artificially inseminated into the woman's womb. In the case of a borrowed egg, the developing embryo is placed into the uterus. If a woman is unable to carry a pregnancy to term, she and her partner may choose a surrogate or gestational carrier.
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