Gum disease is a kind of progression gum inflammation that not only affects your dental health, but it can go to severe extents and affect the bone that supports and surrounds your teeth. There are three stages of gum infection – gingivitis, periodontitis, and severe periodontitis Gum infections are painless, so it's important to see a dentist if you experience any one or more of the following symptoms: swollen or bleeding gums, gums moving away from your teeth, constant bad breath, loose teeth, pus around your teeth, and gums.
Flap surgery treatment is a type of gum procedure that treats periodontitis in people at the moderate or advanced stage. It also serves as a gingivitis cure. During the procedure, your dentist will first remove the dental plaque and tartar. Post that, using a scalpel, he will separate the gums from your teeth. The gums will be lifted up and folded in a flap, thus providing direct access to the roots and bones supporting your teeth. Once he is able to look into the root section, he will remove any problematic inflamed tissues. Plaques and tartars, bone defects, if any, are removed from your tooth root. Once he is through, the dentist will place the gum back against your teeth and stitch it using sutures.
You might experience mild to moderate post-operative discomfort but OTC pain relievers prescribed by dentist will help you overcome the same in just a couple of days.