PDD or pervasive developmental disorders refers to a group of five disorders that are characterized by delays in the development of multiple basic functions like socialization and communication. The disorders classified as PDD are atypical autism, autism, Asperger syndrome, Rett syndrome and childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD). Common symptoms are:
• Difficulty in using and understanding language
• Difficulty in relating to people, events and objects
• Unusual play with toys and other objects
• Difficulty in adjusting to changes in routine
• Difficulty in regulating behavior
• Repetitive body movements
HOW IS PDD DIAGNOSED?
A general physician will conduct a complete physical examination along with developmental screening. There are no specific lab tests to confirm the disorder but the doctor may require imaging and blood tests to rule out other complications causing similar symptoms.
HOW IS PDD TREATED?
Usually the treatment involves minimal uses of medicines except to treat a few serious symptoms. Such patients are given specialised behavioural therapy followed with training to help cope with these issues. Initial training and modification can help them to catch up in later life.
DID YOU KNOW?
Early intervention and support services are crucial for the positive outcome while treating PDD