Eye muscle surgery is a procedure that corrects a muscle imbalance in the eyes. The muscle imbalance causes the eyes to cross inward or outward. This condition is known as strabismus. People with strabismus have eyes that don't line up properly. Vision loss could become a permanent disability if treatment isn't received promptly. Eye muscle surgery treatment helps realign the eyes so that both point in the same direction. This procedure is most often performed on children, but it may also be done to help adults with eye muscle problems. Fasting before the surgery is often required to avoid adverse reactions to the anesthesia, such as nausea and vomiting. The eye surgeon will make a small incision in the clear membrane that covers the white of your eye. Once the surgeon has access to the eye muscles, they will either shorten or stretch them as needed to properly realign your eye. The entire procedure of Strabismus surgery takes about 90 minutes. Eye muscle repair surgery is usually an outpatient procedure, which means you can go home the same day as the surgery. Your eyes will probably feel scratchy and painful for several days after the strabismus treatment, but it's important to avoid touching or rubbing your eyes. Keeping the eyes free of dirt and other irritants is of the utmost importance to prevent infection. The doctor may prescribe antibiotic eye drops or ointments as a precautionary measure.