Hemolytic anaemia is a condition in which red blood cells are destroyed and removed from the bloodstream before their normal lifespan is over. Hemolytic anaemia can lead to many health problems, such as fatigue (tiredness), pain, irregular heartbeats called arrhythmias, an enlarged heart and heart failure. In addition, the patient may suffer from Jaundice, pain in the Upper Abdomen, Leg Ulcers and Pain and a severe reaction to a blood transfusion.
HOW IS HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA DIAGNOSED?
A test called a complete blood count (CBC) can help diagnose anaemia and offer some hints to the type and cause of the problem. Other tests include a urine test to look for the presence of red blood cells. In some cases, a doctor may order a bone marrow aspiration or biopsy. This test can provide information about how many red blood cells are being made and their shape.
HOW IS HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA TREATED?
Treatment options for hemolytic anaemia differ depending on severity of the condition, age, health and tolerance to certain medications. Treatment options for hemolytic anaemia include:
• Blood transfusion
• Intravenous immune globulin
• Corticosteroid medication
DID YOU KNOW?
Children can also be afflicted with Hemolytic Anaemia after a viral illness if care is not taken.