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Dr. Madhulika Sharma

Gynaecologist,

Dr. Madhulika Sharma Gynaecologist,
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Personal Statement

My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them....more
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.
More about Dr. Madhulika Sharma
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I am 21 years old. I had sex. On the fifth day of my period with out any protection and still my next period date has not come I am feared about pregnancy. I want to consult some one about it.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
I am 21 years old. I had sex. On the fifth day of my period with out any protection and still my next period date has...
Hello, You had sex in your safe period and unlikely that you should be pregnant. The delay is likely to be stress induced.
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Hiccups - Are They Serious?

MD - General Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Hiccups - Are They Serious?

Involuntary contractions of the diaphragm muscle, located at the base of the lungs, causes hiccups. Such spasms cause the sudden, quick closure of the vocal cords, during air inhalation, causing you to gasp with the characteristic ‘hic’ sound. Hiccupping is an uncontrolled reflex action, often triggered for no apparent reason. 

They occur frequently and are more common in newborns and infants.  A hiccupping bout generally continues for a few minutes and subsides on its own.  These spasms generally occur in a constant rhythmic pattern. They are often set off by anything that creates a pressure on or around the diaphragm. These include:

  1. Eating too fast or because of the speedy swallowing of food 
  2. Consumption of exceptionally hot and spicy foods
  3. Indigestion
  4. Consumption of aerated fizzy beverages
  5. Lack of sleep, stress and exhaustion
  6. Pregnancy
  7. Smoking
  8. Excess consumption of Alcohol
  9. Intake of certain medications

How problematic can they be?
In most cases, hiccups stop within a short period of time. Persistent hiccups however, keep occurring for over 48 hours and some continue for over a month, which are also medically termed as Intractable Hiccups. Medical attention is required when hiccups start interfering with sleeping or eating patterns, cause intense breathing difficulty and vomiting. Relentless hiccupping can be painful and extremely tiring. It creates discomfort in the upper abdominal region, and hinders normal routine.

Home remedies for it
Hiccups are generally not serious and most often resolved by simple home remedies. Some of these home remedies include quickly drinking a glass of water, holding your breath for a while or evenly breathing into a paper bag.

Persistent hiccups, that occur at frequent intervals and continue for weeks and months could, however, be indicative of an underlying serious health condition. Therefore, you must visit a doctor if your hiccups do not subside easily.

Incessant hiccups could be symptoms of any type of liver or abdominal disease or lung disease such as pneumonia. Strokes, brain tumours and certain nervous disorders may also cause hiccups; as such disorders create a disturbance in the functioning of the diaphragm. 

Medications
In case of painful, frequent hiccups, the physician may prescribe you some medications. These may include certain types of muscle relaxants, sedatives, analgesics or any other kind of stimulant that can help in providing a remedy.

How can you ‘prevent’ it?
The onset of a bout of hiccups, is mostly self induced, involuntary spasms, thus cannot often be predicted or prevented. However, certain precautions may be taken to avoid recurrence. Abstinence from smoking, controlled drinking, not gulping down food too fast are only a few ways that control the frequency of hiccups. However, it is always advisable to get yourself examined by a medical practitioner in case of a prolonged spell of hiccups.

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Doc How can I detoxify my body? What precautions should I take before and after? What are the things I need to cut of my diet? How long should I practice? Should I take my work routine normal? How it is Adapt with my metabolism since I have not used to ?

Diploma in Diet and Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Hyderabad
Doc How can I detoxify my body? What precautions should I take before and after? What are the things I need to cut of...
Hi Instant detoxification of body is not possible. Foods like betroots help in gradual detoxification. However this area is still a matter of research. Other foods which are said to have detox effects are lemon, garlic, flaxeeds etc. It is a constant process of creating balance within the body by having foods that are natural and that heal. It is not a one/ seven day process.
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I am having hypothyroidism for the past 10 years. I got married on Aug 20 2015. We are trying to get conceive. But we are unsuccessful. Please guide us.

MBBS, DGO, MD, Fellowship in Gynae Oncology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
I am having hypothyroidism for the past 10 years. I got married on Aug 20 2015. We are trying to get conceive. But we...
Is your thyroid controlled with medication, if not consult physician for that. Next get an ultrasound, fsh lh tsh amh tests done on day 2 of your cycle.
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PCOD

BHMS
Homeopath, Lucknow
PCOD

Pcod means polycystic ovarian disease, in which multiple small cystic present in ovaries. 

Cause:-
1- hormone imbalance 
2- obesity
3- family history 
4- diabetes 
5- irregular menses 

Symptoms:-
1- acne on face
2- weight gain 
3- extra hair on face and body 
4- irregular period 
5- infertility 
6- depression 

 Treatment:-
1- losing weight 
2- quite smoking 
3- eat healthy food
4- exercise

5 people found this helpful

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
LESS SALT TO STAY HEALTHY
---------------------------------------------------
5 Ways to Use less Salt
Use spices and other flavor enhancers such as spices, dried and fresh herbs, garlic and ginger, citrus, vinegars and wine. Flavors can be black pepper, cinnamon and turmeric to fresh basil, chili peppers, and lemon juice.
Use the right healthy fats — from roasted nuts and avocados to olive, canola, soybean and other oils.
Searing and sautéing foods in a pan builds flavor. Roasting brings out the natural sweetness of many vegetables and the taste of fish and chicken. If you do steam or microwave food, perk up these dishes with a finishing drizzle of flavorful oil and a squeeze of citrus.
Get your whole grains from sources other than bread. White bread contains salt, not just for flavor but to ensure that the dough rises properly.
Shop for raw ingredients with maximum natural flavor, thereby avoiding the need to add as much (if any) sodium.
2 people found this helpful

She is having periods in 15-20 days since last four months which tests are required?

BAMS
Ayurveda, Bangalore
She is having periods in 15-20 days since last four months which tests are required?
Hi, Right now no tests are required. She may be having some harmone imbalance. Give her some uterine tonics like M2 Tone Syrup 2 tsf twice daily, mixed with equal quantity of water, for 2-3 months continuously and protein rich food with lot of vegetables and fruits.
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Alternative Medicine Specialist, Jabalpur
Take 8 hrs. Sleep daily. Eat small meals. Walk 2 km daily.
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My wife is 24 years old, her last period was on 13 april. We had sex last month with protection (condom) and it not break while sex. This months period is not come yet. She do not want to pregnant now. Is there any chances to irregular periods or pregnancy? Please suggest what we need to do.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), PGCRCDM, PDCR, MBA
Ayurveda, Ghaziabad
Sometimes periods can get irregular, check urine pregnancy test to ensure and ask her to take ashokarishta general tonic for regular periods
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Hi all I'm 24years old, weighing 94kg, 5'10 height, the problem I'm facing is the problem of male breast, is there any way to reduce it without surgery.Please help?

MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Mumbai
Hello, Gynecomastia is abnormal enlargement of Male Breast.It involves increase in size of Breast Gland n Fat in chest,in variable proportions.Surgery is the only n Best way to treat this condition n the Result is permanent. If not interested in Surgery, try losing some weight.That may decrease the fat component in chest also ! But don't expect a remarkable results.Something better than Nothing. Dr Agrawal Mumbai
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I have pcos since last 4 years which are cured many times in between and again problem started. Now I got marries in last year, I am unable to conceive. Can I conceive in pcos? What are the ways to conceive in pcos also. What should I do to cure pcos. I have followed many medicines /doctors but I think it is not curable disease. Kindly give me your suggestions.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
I have pcos since last 4 years which are cured many times in between and again problem started. Now I got marries in ...
hi lybrate user PCOD is not curable condition. Yes you can conceive , you will need treatment for it. Before planning for baby you need to be completely investigated. Don't worry you will get baby.
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Hii, how to stop vomiting in 3 month of pregnancy? I am doing vomiting 4-5 time a day.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
Hii, how to stop vomiting in 3 month of pregnancy? I am doing vomiting 4-5 time a day.
If your lft (blood test) is normal and sonography shows normal pregnancy, you need not be scared. Take tablets for vomiting or nausea prescribed by the doctor. Break up the meals into 6, so you don't have to consume too much in one meal. Don't drink water immediately after food. Don't lie down just after meals. Some exercise like walking will help. Ensure you are consuming adequate calories and electrolytes.
4 people found this helpful
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I have felt one of my breast has swollen & without pain is it a symbol of cancer. My weight is not getting increase.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS, Post Doctoral Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery
Gynaecologist, Pune
I have felt one of my breast has swollen & without pain is it a symbol of cancer. My weight is not getting increase.
Both of the breasts are always different in sizes making one heavy than the other. No is not a sign of cancer. Cancer is painless without a swelling.
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Its already 1&half year gone we got married my wife still not getting pregnant we are having monthly 3to4 sex. Last from past 3months we are having sex in ovulation time.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
Its already 1&half year gone we got married my wife still not getting pregnant we are having monthly 3to4 sex. Last f...
If you are unable to conceive, then roughly 35% cause is due to male factor, another 35% is due to tube factor, 25% due to ovaries and balance 5% due to less common causes. For male factor, semen analysis is needed. For tube and related issues, ideally laparoscopy is to be done. Before the results of these tests, correct treatment cannot be started, whether she is ovulating timely or not.
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Healthy Pregnancy

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Healthy Pregnancy

As a mother, eat as much as fresh fruits, vegetables and proteins like meats, nuts, beans and eggs possible. Also, drink milk and eat foods rich in calcium, like yoghurt, cheese, green leafy vegetables etc. It will be of great benefit to your and your baby.

4 people found this helpful

I am 26 years old. Suffering from vaginal infection for last 1 year almost Go and come again situation Used medicines like AF 150 azithromycin Candi force But it comes again every month What to do?

MD-Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Haldwani
Hello- recurrent vaginal infection suggests that you have a compromised immunity and it should be raised by some ayurvedic medicines and dietary control. >antibiotics uses body's inner strength to fight infections and thus reduces immunity, hence you are having this trouble again and agian. >try these ayurvedic medicines and tips- 1) chandraprabha vati 1 tab twice daily arogyawardhini vati 1 tab twice daily mahasudarshan kwath 2 tsp twice after meals. 2) avoid spicy diet, fast foods, and sour food items (pickle etc), and late night workout. 3) maintain proper hygiene. 4) increase the amount of desi ghee in your diet. 5) practice anulom vilom in the morning. >try these ayurvedic treatment and share your results on lybrate next time.
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I have some problem in penetrating into my girlfriend's vagina. It is soo tensed n penetration is not getting done. What can I do for this. Can she take any medication?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
I have some problem in penetrating into my girlfriend's vagina. It is soo tensed n penetration is not getting done. W...
Hello, This is probably due to vaginismus. You need to lubricate it well before insertion and also practice more foreplay to relieve initial anxiety which can often cause vaginal muscles to be tensed.
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I had suffered from steroid side effect as I stopped it directly it has been one year pass I have been observing no slippery mucous all I see dried mucous. M planning for a family. What should I do to get slippery mucous?

MD Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Ahmedabad
I had suffered from steroid side effect as I stopped it directly it has been one year pass I have been observing no s...
Steroid has no effect on lubrication. Lubrication is a result of sexual excitement which is a result of proper emotional and physical stimulation due to a good foreplay. You need to spend more time in cuddling and fondling before you actually go for intercourse.
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I m a pregnant women so wht is the most important care for me please tell me as soon as possible.

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
I m a pregnant women so wht is the most important care for me please tell me as soon as possible.
The first trimester of your pregnancy is the most important phase. During this phase your body undergoes various physiological and psychological changes and your baby’s major organ developments also happen simultaneously. You need to exercise certain precautions during the first trimester to avoid any serious health complications. What you do during the initial three months defines the health and wellness of your baby and that of yours too. Here are things that you should do during this trimester to ensure a smooth ride ahead. Things to do during your first trimester: • Get your required number of calories from all food groups, not just fat! Include variety of foods in the diet like whole grains, pulses, legumes and nuts. Meat, poultry, eggs and fish also provide protein. Make sure you get your calcium from milk or other food. Take 600 ml of milk or milk products every day for the calcium content. Eating during pregnancy • Get your dose of vitamin D through food like egg yolks, tuna, salmon, fortified milk, fish liver oil, or through exposure to sunlight. • Increase your intake of omega-3 fatty acids. They are necessary for the development of your baby’s brain, nerve and eye. • Take iron and folic acid supplements as prescribed by your doctor. It is important during the pre-conception and early pregnancy phase because this is when the foetus develops spine and nerve cells. • Eat frequent, smaller meals. The baby needs to be fed constantly so eat every two to three hours. • Gain weight gradually. For the optimal growth of your baby you should gain around 0.5- 2 kg in the first trimester. Get some exercise. Regular gentle exercise can help ease or prevent back pain, boost your energy, build stamina and help you prepare for the physical changes of labour and delivery. • Don’t miss your visits to the doctor. Your prenatal check-ups are your window into the womb and they help detect any issues early and can be corrected in most cases. • Increase your fluid intake. Blood volume needs to increase during pregnancy to facilitate oxygen and nutrient delivery to both you and your baby. • Get lots of sleep. Hormonal changes also make you feel worn out. So make it a point to get few naps whenever possible. • Cut down on caffeine. Large amounts of caffeine consumption and an increased risk of miscarriage have been linked in some studies. Things to avoid on your first trimester • Don’t take any medication unless necessary. Medicines taken by you can cross the placenta and enter the bloodstream of your baby. Hence it’s best to know the safety of any medications you’re taking during pregnancy – especially in the first trimester. • Don’t be too adventurous with food. Foods to be avoided during pregnancy include raw/undercooked meat, soft cheese, seafood and raw eggs. They could be possible sources of harmful bacteria and parasite. Reduce your exposure to environmental pollutants. According to a study, women exposed to elevated levels of ozone air pollution (smog) in the first three months of pregnancy may be at increased risk for complications such as preeclampsia and premature birth. • Quit smoking. Passive and active smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of health and behavioural problems in the baby and is linked to infant mortality. • Don’t drink alcohol. Alcohol can cross the placenta and reach your baby’s bloodstream. Excessive drinking impairs the mental and physical development of your baby, in what is known as foetal alcohol syndrome. Don’t get stressed, depressed. High levels of stress can affect the unborn baby’s health and increase your chances of miscarriage. • Don’t go on diet while you’re pregnant. You may end up with deficiency of iron, folic acid, vitamins and minerals which can potentially harm you and your baby. • Don’t use hot tubs/ sauna. They can raise your core body temperature which can cause dehydration and threaten the developing baby.
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