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TMD is used for defining a disorder of the temporomandibular joint. This is kind of a hinge which joins your jaw to the temporal bones of the skull. A problem with this joint is experienced when you have trouble in talking, chewing, moving your jaws or even swallowing. The pain usually starts right below the ears. You would experience kind of a lock in this area followed with tenderness.
HOW IS TMD DIAGNOSED?
The dentist may take full face X-rays so he can view the jaws, temporomandibular joints, and teeth to rule out other problems. He may need to do other tests, like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT). The MRI can show if the TMJ disc is in the proper position as the jaw moves. A CT scan shows the bony detail of the joint.
HOW IS TMD TREATED?
Treatment of TMD are usually very conventional that includes a night splint or guard for support. Besides this, you would also be asked to eat softer foods and avoid talking and moving the jaws to much. The doctor would further suggest hot and cold packs along with NSAIDS to relieve the swelling and inflammation.
DID YOU KNOW?
TMD affects the 'chewing' muscles and the joints between the lower jaw and the base of the skull.