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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
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What happens to our body after IUI procedure. How many days will it take for pregnancy confirmation.
Things you should know about Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). I am Dr. Jyotsna gupta (Gynecologist/Obstetrician). What is Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)? Polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) is a health problem that can affect a woman's menstrual cycle - Ability to have children. Appearance Hormones Blood vessels Heart With PCOS/PCOD, women typically have high levels of'androgens, these are sometimes called male hormones, though females also make them. Many a times,small cysts (fluid-filled sacs) are formed in the ovaries. What causes PCOS? The cause of PCOS is unknown. But most experts think that several factors, including genetics, can play a role. Women with pcos are more likely to have a mother or sister with pcos. A main underlying problem with pcos is a hormonal imbalance. In women with pcos, the ovaries make more androgens than normal. Androgens are male hormones that females also make. High levels of these hormones affect the development and release of eggs during ovulation.High androgen levels can lead to Acne, excessive hair growth, weight gain problems with ovulation. How many women have pcos? Between 1 in 10 and 1 in 20 women having childbearing age has pcos. It can occur in girls as young as 11 years old. What are the symptoms of pcod or pcos? The symptoms of pcos can vary from woman to woman. Some of the polycystic ovary syndrome symptoms include: infrequent, absent or irregular menstrual periods. Infertility (not able to get pregnant) because of not ovulating. In fact, pcos is the most common cause of female infertility. Increased hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, back, thumbs, or toes, male-pattern baldness or thinning hair. Cysts on the ovaries, acne, oily skin or dandruff, weight gain or obesity, usually with extra weight around the waist. Skin tags excess flaps of skin in the armpits or neck area, pelvic pain, anxiety or depression Patches of skin on the neck, arms, breasts, or thighs that are thick and dark brown or black Sleep apnea when breathing stops for short period of time while asleep. How do I know if I have pcos? There is no single test to diagnose pcos. Your doctor will take the following steps to find out if you have pcos or if something else is causing you symptoms. Medical history - your doctor will ask about your menstrual periods, weight changes, and other symptoms. Physical exam - your doctor will measure your blood pressure, body mass index (bmi), and waist size. He or she also will check the areas of increased hair growth. You should try to allow the natural hair to grow for a few days before the visit. Pelvic exam - your doctor might want to check to see if your ovaries are enlarged or swollen by the increased number of small cysts. Blood tests - your doctor may check the androgen hormone and glucose (sugar) levels in your blood. Ultrasound (sonogram) - your doctor may perform a test that uses sound waves to take pictures of the pelvic area. It might be used to examine your ovaries for cysts and check the endometrium (lining of the womb). This lining may become thicker if your periods are not regular. How is pcos treated? Because there is no cure for pcos, it needs to be managed to prevent problems. Treatment goals are based on your symptoms, whether or not you want to become pregnant, and lowering your chances of getting heart disease and diabetes. Many women will need a combination of treatments to meet these goals. Some treatments for pcos include: lifestyle modification. Many women with pcos are overweight or obese, which can cause health problems. You can help manage your pcos by eating healthy and exercising to keep your weight at a healthy level. Healthy eating tips include: limiting processed foods and foods with added sugars, adding more whole-grain products, fruits, vegetables, and lean meats to your diet. This helps to lower blood glucose (sugar) levels, improve the body's use of insulin, and normalize hormone levels in your body. Even a 10 percent loss in body weight can restore a normal period and make your cycle more regular. Birth control pills. For women who don't want to get pregnant, birth control pills can control menstrual cycles .Reduce male hormone levels Help to clear acne. Fertility medications - Lack of ovulation is usually the reason for fertility problems in women with pcos. Several medications that stimulate ovulation can help women with pcos become pregnant. Even so, other reasons for infertility in both the woman and man should be ruled out before fertility medications are used. Another option is in vitro fertilization (ivf). Ivf offers the best chance of becoming pregnant in any given cycle. It also gives doctors better control over the chance of multiple births. But, ivf is very costly. Surgery - ovarian drilling is a surgery that may increase the chance of ovulation. It is sometimes used when a woman does not respond to fertility medicines. This surgery can lower male hormone levels and help with ovulation. But, these effects may only last a few months. Medicines for increased hair growth or extra male hormones. Medicines called anti-androgens may reduce hair growth and clear acne. Anti-androgens are often combined with birth control pills. These medications should not be taken if you are trying to become pregnant. Before taking any medicines tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Do not breastfeed while taking this medicine. Other options include: cream to reduce facial hair Laser, hair removal or electrolysis to remove hair. Hormonal treatment to keep new hair from growing. Does pcos change at menopause? Yes and no. Pcos affects many systems in the body. So, many symptoms may persist even though ovarian function and hormone levels change as a woman is close to menopause. For instance, excessive hair growth continues, and male-pattern baldness or thinning hair gets worse after menopause. Also, the risks of complications (health problems) from pcos, such as heart attack, stroke, and diabetes, increase as a woman gets older. Polycystic ovary syndrome and pregnancy - how does pcos affect a woman while in pregnancy? Women with pcos appear to have higher rates of miscarriage premature delivery. Pregnancy - induces high blood pressure. Does pcos put women at risk for other health problems? Women with pcos have greater chances of developing several serious health conditions. Recent studies found that women with pcos can have diabetes or pre-diabetes at early age. Women with pcos are at greater risk of having high blood pressure. Women with pcos can develop sleep apnea. This is when breathing stops for short period of time during sleep. Women with pcos may also develop anxiety and depression. It is important to talk to your doctor about treatment for these mental health conditions. Irregular menstrual periods and the lack of ovulation cause women to produce the hormone estrogen, but not the hormone progesterone. Progesterone causes the endometrium (lining of the womb) to shed each month as a menstrual period. Without progesterone, the endometrium becomes thick, which can cause heavy or irregular bleeding. Over time, this can lead to endometrial hyperplasia, when the lining grows too much. If you have pcos, get your symptoms under control at an earlier age to help reduce your chances of having complications like diabetes and heart disease. Talk to your doctor about treating all your symptoms, rather than focusing on just one aspect of your pcos, such as problems getting pregnant. Also, talk to your doctor about getting tested for diabetes regularly. Other steps you can take to lower your chances of health problems include eating right, exercising, not smoking. How can I cope with the emotional effects of pcos? Having pcos can be difficult. You may feel embarrassed by your appearance, worried about being able to get pregnant, depressed. Managing pcos (diet and exercise) - following lifestyle and diet modifications can help manage pcos symptoms to an extent. Frequently have small meals (5-6 times a day) without fail, drink a lot of water (8-10 glasses). Try to consume 2-3 servings of fruits and vegetables every day. Stick to a high fibre diet (wholegrains/fruits/vegetables). Give preference to home cooked meals, add brightly colored and white vegetables to your diet. They have high anti-oxidants food to avoid - Fried/packaged/processed foods. Foods with high glycemic exercises, suggested work out at least 5 times every week for at least 30 minutes Running, swimming, yoga strengthening exercises . Even if you don't lose weight, exercise in pcos helps to improve things like- insulin sensitivity, frequency of ovulation, cholesterol, body composition. Getting treatment for pcos can help with these concerns and help boost your self-esteem. It is advised that you should consult gynecologist who can help you based on your symptoms and requirements to manage pcod/pcos.
It's my 19th day I have taken follicle study, doctor said that it was ruptured like that, what is ruptured and can get conceive on this please answer me.
Doctors are our real saviors. From physical problems to mental issues, a doctor is needed to guide us all along. The medical professional can be quite challenging and demanding. Dealing with numerous patients and their problems every day is no joke. It can leave a person completely exhausted and burnt out. Doctors are also human beings. All these activities and daily struggle often take a toll, both on their physical and mental health. Unable to cope with the stress, many doctors (especially the young physicians) get into depression. They suffer from different mental issues (minor to serious).
Of late, there has been a mercurial rise in the number of doctors suffering from mental issues (stress, anxiety, depression, panic attacks, to name a few). As per a survey, women practitioners are at a slightly greater risk of facing mental issues than their male counterparts. To make matters worse, many doctors live in self-denial. They just refuse to accept the fact that there can be some problem (mental) with them. Many contemplate treatment as they fear this can jeopardize their career forever. They feel they will be socially and professionally isolated. But delaying the treatment or counseling will not help either. Like any other patients, they too need love, care, and most importantly, proper assistance.
- The first and the most important step is to accept the fact gracefully that there is some problem.
- Do not shy away from seeking an expert opinion or assistance. If the need arises, go for counseling. It is for your good.
- Your patients are your priority but do not ignore your health in the process. Take short breaks to avoid exhaustion and professional monotony. Go on a small vacation.
- In trying to achieve professional excellence, do not ignore your family. Spend at least an hour of quality time with your family every day. Spending time with your loved ones can be a great stress buster.
- Try and stay relaxed as much as you can. Meditation, music therapy, yoga, light exercise are important for the mind and the body to function normally.
- Take care of your diet. Try and include foods that will enhance your mood and lift your spirits.
- For doctors who are into drinking and smoking, it is advised to keep it within healthy limits.
- If there is anything that is bothering you, just let it out. Do not suppress your emotions.
- Try and follow a healthy sleep routine (though difficult for doctors). At least get 6 hours of sleep daily.
- Do not isolate yourself from other people. Mental issues are not a very big deal. Being a doctor, you should know this better. Most importantly, accept and love yourself.
Anxiety and mental issues can affect anyone, irrespective of their profession. The sooner you accept this, the faster you recover. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.
Hi I am newly married girl. I want to know the safest way to avoid pregnancy. My friends say that using medicines can result in health problems in future and it can create problem during pregnancy even I also believe in same. My husband thinks that if he ejaculate outside this will be helpful for us but will it be safe? please give me some natural tips also to avoid pregnancy.
Is Myocyst M is a folic acid tablet because I'm under pregnancy treatment so doctor prescribed this tablet.
Hi doctors. If my girlfriends normal mens date is 16th Of every month she has a 30 day cycle right? She consumed a I pill on 23rd of August And then had withdrawal bleeding on the 29th of August that lasted for 2 days. The blood was more then spotting and less then a normal period and Dark in colour. Then on the 8th of September she had bleeding for 4 days. This bleeding was like a normal period. The blood was dark at the start and lightened as it went on for 4 days. She also had cramps like normal period and flow also was the same as a normal period. So now it's the 7th of October and she has been getting pimples on her face and cramps too. Will she get her periods on the 8th or 16th? Or is she pregnant? She has shown no signs so far of pregnancy. Please help me.
I was operated for breast abcess last august (2015). As of nw I am nt feeding frm tat right breast but only from left side. My son is 9 month old nw. Lactation is happening in the operated breast but no engorgement. I don express it manually also to empty. Wil it cause any abscess further or any other health conditions.
Iam 23 yrs old girl iam facing problem of white discharge called Leucorrhoea and due this I have constant pain in my backbone but this is in white color and doesnot possesses smell or itching or bulging nothing like that, but when I use to get back pain I use to have large amount of white discharge, how to get rid of this problem.
I'm having itching inner walls of vagina. Mild itching. Tried candid powder didn't help. Please suggest.
1. If it feels wrongs, don't do it.
2. Say "exactly" what you mean.
3. Don't be a people pleaser.
4. Trust your instincts.
5. Never speak bad about yourself.
6. Never give up on your dreams.
7. Don't be afraid to say "no"
8. Don't be afraid to say "yes"
9. Be kind to yourself.
10. Let go of what you can't control.
11. Stay away from drama & negativity.
The lungs are highly prone to chronic problems. Be it asthma, bronchitis or COPD, these problems require chronic treatment and the patient is always on alert. Homeopathy believes that these are just symptoms of an underlying, deep-rooted cause and addressing the root cause can help in complete cure of symptoms. By working on the underlying problem, homeopathy attempts to:
- Prevent further damage to the organs; so disease progression is arrested
- Reduce dependency on steroids and bronchodilators, which is very common among most people with chronic respiratory disorders
- Natural and holistic treatment with minimal side effects
It is to be noted that different clinical presentations are treated with different compounds, and there are more than 25 compounds that can be used in people with chronic respiratory disorders. The doctor would choose the right compound depending on the presenting symptoms. Some of the commonly used compounds are listed below:
- Bryonia: In people with dry hacking cough and rusty sputum, this is useful. The symptoms are aggravated by any sort of motion and warm temperatures.
- Rumex: In people with dry/stringy cough, which is increased in cold temperatures and by talking, this medicine proves useful.
- Kali Bichromicum: Where the patient has yellow, sticky mucous which is worse in the morning, this compound is effective.
- Aconite: It is very useful in treating bronchitis, where there is frequent sneezing, restlessness, coryza-like symptoms or excessive perspiration. Its uniqueness is that it prevents development of a full-fledged bronchitis.
- Belladonna: This is useful in patients with bronchitis who have violent fever and distressing cough that is worse with lying down and at night. The coughing spells are dry and short with irregular breathing. There is also fullness in the chest with no pain, though children might cry with this fullness. There is increased drowsiness where patients sometimes doze off into a semiconscious state.
- Sulphur: It is very useful in people with chronic bronchitis, where the patient has significant rales (sounds due to air movement within the bronchi). This is accompanied by mucous that is thick and can contain pus. The patient could also suffer from bouts of suffocation.
- Bacillinum: It is widely used in people who tend to catch cold easily. The mucous membranes are highly irritated and the patient feels very congested.
Other useful compounds include Phosphorus, Mercurius, Antimonium tartaricum, Rumex, Puslatilla, Ipea, Chelidonium and Sulphur. As noted, with homeopathic compounds, the right compound is determined by multiple factors including the stage at which the infection is at the time of presentation, nature of the cough, type of mucus, aggravating or relieving factors, presence of a cold, overall health status, habits, etc. The doctor will identify the right compound for you after checking these, so you are advised not to self medicate. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
A preterm labour is referred to a condition when the cervix opens up within 37 weeks of pregnancy. An ideal pregnancy lasts for a span of 40 weeks. If preterm labour is caused due to preterm contractions, the baby is born earlier. This results in serious health risks for the baby. At times it requires long intensive care for the baby to ensure no mental or physical damage happens in the long term.
What are the symptoms of pre-term labour?
While some women show evident signs of pre-term labour, some women present symptoms that are more subtle. Some unmistakable symptoms of pre-term labour include regular contractions, sense of tightness in the lower abdomen, vaginal discharge, diarrhoea, constant backache, bleeding from the vagina, watery discharge from the vagina, pain in the abdomen and abdominal cramps. One or more of these symptoms should be immediately reported to the doctor to negate the chances of any miscarriages or serious complications.
What are the risk factors?
While there are no proven risk factors of preterm labour, lots of factors have been tagged with a pre-term labour. Some of the notable ones include:
- Little pre-natal care
- Premature birth in previous pregnancies
- Giving birth to more than one baby at a time. This is especially applicable while giving birth to a triplet.
- A stressful event such as a personal loss or events related to extreme emotions
- Bleeding from the vagina during pregnancy
- Any infection of the genital tract
- Any complications related to the placenta, uterus and cervix
- Any birth defect related to the vagina
- Chronic health conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure
- Putting on weight more than the recommended level
- An excess of amniotic fluid
- Consumption of illicit drugs or smoking at a heavy rate
- The shorter length of the cervix than the normal one
What are the complications involved?
Most common complication of preterm birth lungs is not well developed which can lead to respiratory distress in babies. Pre-term labour cannot be stopped with any medical procedures. If pre-term labour is caused due to smoking or an infection, the same can be addressed. Any pre-term labour that eventually leads to giving birth can confront with complications such as low weight, problems related to the vision of the baby, behavioural problems and learning disabilities.
Diagnosis and tests:
A doctor will closely monitor the symptoms a woman is facing. In the case of regular contraction, a close look at the cervix helps a doctor to decide the condition of a patient. To be assured a doctor might recommend a full pelvic exam, ultrasound test, uterine monitoring, and maturity of amniocentesis. A test of the vaginal secretion further gives the doctor enough evidence about the possibility of a pre-term labour.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!