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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
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Will eating papaya 3-4 days continuously after having a unprotected sex? Help in not getting pregnant? Is it useful or how much effective?
After those nine months, the long waiting period gets over and the most exciting transition from a mommy-to-be, to a mommy finally begins. But then, things are not always as smooth as we expect, especially if you undergo a C-section to deliver your baby. It is indeed an overwhelming experience to hold your little one in your arms but you need to understand that a C-section surgery is a major abdominal surgery and you need to take precautions to recover from the surgery. The recovery period for the C-section delivery is much higher than the recovery period for the normal delivery.
Let us look at some ways for speedy recovery from C-section delivery:
- Relax: Taking proper rest will give your body the energy to recover from the surgery that you had undergone. Healing of the scar takes time and your post-partum body requires rest. But, taking proper rest is not as easy as it sounds when you have a new born baby to take care of, who needs a lot of attention and care. From feeding your baby at regular intervals to changing their nappies/diapers and making them sleep, all of it requires you to be on your toes. Make sure you always take some time out to rest and do not hesitate to take help from your spouse and family.
- Don’t put strain your body: Your body has just given birth to a baby and has undergone a major surgery; therefore, it is important that you give it time to heal. You should try not to get up too often, do not lift anything heavier than your baby, avoid sex until six weeks from the birth of your baby, hold your abdomen when you have to sneeze or cough to protect the incision site. Don’t start working out without your doctors’ green signal and don’t drive and take stairs, which might put a strain on your body.
- Take a good diet: Take plenty of healthy and nutritious food as your body still requires such a diet. Breastfeeding mothers need to understand that the sole source of nutrition for your baby is you. Include different vegetables and variety of healthy food to pass on nutrition to your little one. Take plenty of fluids, especially water as the fluid intake is necessary to increase breast milk supply. Including fibre rich diet will keep you away from issues, such as constipation, which is one of the most common issues that women face after having a baby.
- Medicines: Your doctor may prescribe you the medicines that you can take to reduce the pain and recover faster. The medicines prescribed would vary if you are breastfeeding and if you are not breastfeeding your baby, so taking up such issues become even more important for you and your baby.
- Take care of the Incision: Take proper care of the incision by keeping the wound clean and undisturbed for a faster recovery.
Don’t compare your recovery to someone else’s because the speed of recovery depends from person to person. Motherhood is an exciting phase of your life, so take care of yourself to have a speedy recovery and enjoy every moment of it. Make memories and stay happy! If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
PolyCystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) जिसे PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) की कहा जाता है, एक महिलाओ में पाया जाने वाला सामान्य विकार है। अनुमान किया जाता है की प्रजनन की उम्र वाली 90 लाख से ज्यादा महिलाओ को PCOD है तथा इनमे से 60 % से ज्यादा महिलाओ को पता नहीं है की उन्हें यह विकार है। कुछ सालो पहले यह समस्या 30 से 35 साल के ऊपर की महिलाओ में ही आम होती थी परन्तु अब कम उम्र की लड़कियों में भी यह ज्यादा प्रमाण में दिखाई दे रही है।
PCOD क्या है ?
महिलाओ में Sex Hormones के असंतुलन के कारण अंडाशय (Ovary) में छोटी-छोटी गाठ या cyst तैयार हो जाती है जिस कारण महिलाओ के मासिक धर्म (Menstrual Cycle) के साथ प्रजनन क्षमता (Fertility) पर भी असर पड़ता है।
महिलाओ में अंडाशय में सामान्य से अधिक मात्रा में Androgen Hormones की निर्मिति होने पर अंडाशय में छोटी-छोटी तरल पदार्थयुक्त cyst तैयार हो जाती है जो धीरे-धीरे आकार में बढ़ने लगती है। इससे महिलाओ में प्रजनन क्षमता कम हो जाती है और महिला गर्भधारणा करने में असमर्थ हो जाती है।
PCOD के लक्षण क्या है ?
PCOD से पीड़ित महिलाओ में निम्नलिखित लक्षण पाए जाते है :
अनियमित मासिक धर्म (Menstrual cycle) चेहरे / शरीर पर अधिक बाल मुंहासे (Acne) Dandruff पेटदर्द गर्भधारणा में मुश्किल आना यौन इच्छा में अचानक कमी आना गर्भ में छोटी-छोटी गांठ जो की Ultra Sound Scan करने पर दिखाई देती है बार बार गर्भपात सिर के बालो का अधिक झड़ना त्वचा पर डाग मोटापा
PCOD के क्या कारण है ?
PCOD होने की मुख्य वजह महिलाओ में Hormones की सामान्य से ज्यादा प्रमाण में निर्मति होना है। स्त्रीरोग विशेषज्ञों का कहना है की पिछले 10 से 15 वर्षो में महिलाओ में PCOD के प्रमाण में 50 से 60 प्रतिशत वृद्धि हुई है। इस असामान्य वृद्धि के कुछ खास कारण है :
असंतुलित आहार (Diet): पिज़्ज़ा, बर्गर जैसे शरीर के लिए हानिकारक junk food। ज्यादा तेलयुक्त, वसायुक्त और मीठा आहार।
रोग (Diseases) : PCOD होने के पीछे मधुमेह (Diabetes) और उच्च रक्तचाप (Hypertension) जैसे रोग भी एक बड़ी वजह है। अगर परिवार में किसी को PCOD का ईतिहास है तो अनुवांशिकता यह भी एक कारण है। Cholesterol का बढ़ना, HDL कम होना या उच्च Triglycerides के वजह से भी PCOD हो सकता है।
मोटापा (Obesity) : अत्यधिक junk food का सेवन और व्यायाम के अभाव के कारण आज की युवा पीढ़ी में मोटापा एक बहोत बड़ी समस्या के रूप में उभरा है। ऐसे तो मोटापा कई बीमारियो का घर है परन्तु मोटापे में शरीर में बढ़ी हुई अत्याधिक चर्बी के कारण Estrogen hormone की निर्मिति सामान्य से ज्यादा होती है, जो की अंडाशय में cyst बनाने के लिए जिम्मेदार माना जाता है।
तनाव (Stress) : आज के दौड़भाग के युग में बढ़ रहे तनाव के कारण लोगो का खानपान और दिनचर्या बिगड़ चुकी है। धूम्रपान, शराब, देर रात का खाना इत्यादि कारणों से भी hormonal imbalance होता है।
PCOD का निदान (Diagnosis) कैसे किया जाता है ?
PCOD का निदान करने के लिए निम्नलिखित परिक्षण किया जाता है :
Ultra Sound Scan of Pelvis / Vagina
LH : FSH ratio
PCOD का उपचार कैसे किया जाता है ?
दवा (Medicine) : डॉक्टर द्वारा दी हुई दवा समय पर डॉक्टर के निर्देशानुसार लेना चाहिए। दवा से अंडाशय में ovulation induction कर गर्भधारणा में मदद की जा सकती है। अगर आप मुंहासो के लिए इलाज करे तो अपने डॉक्टर को PCOD होने की जानकारी अवश्य दे।
वजन कम करना (Weight loss) : अगर आपका वजन बढ़ा हुआ है तो उसे कम करने का प्रयास करे। कई PCOD के मरीजों में केवल वजन कम करने से ही बेहद फायदा होते देखा गया है।
व्यायाम (Exercise) : व्यायाम करने से आपका वजन नियंत्रण में रहेगा और PCOD की वजह से होने वाली insulin resistant की समस्या भी कम हो जाएंगी। आप अपने उम्र और शरीर अनुसार चलना, दौड़ना, तैराकी या aerobic व्यायाम कर सकता है।
संतुलित आहार (Balanced Diet) : खाने में पिज़्ज़ा, बर्गर जैसे शरीर के लिए नुकसानकारी आहार लेने की जगह हरे पत्तेदार सब्जी और फल का समावेश करे।
जीवनशैली (Lifestyle) : चिंता, शोक, भय, क्रोध इत्यादि तनाव बढ़ाने वाली चीजो से दूर रहे। योग और प्राणायाम करे। हमेशा सकारात्मक विचार रखे।
शल्यक्रिया (Surgery) : जरुरत पड़ने पर PCOD के उपचार में शल्य क्रिया या operation भी किया जाता है जिसे Laproscopic Ovarian Drilling (LOD) या Laparoscopic Electrocauterisation of Ovarian Stroma (LEOS) कहा जाता है। इस Operation में Laser या Cautery से अंडाशय के cyst में छेद किया जाता है।
PCOD से पीड़ित महिलाओ में मधुमेह, उच्चरक्तचाप और कर्करोग होने का खतरा रहता है। जल्द उपचार आदि कार्यवाही करने से PCOD के दीर्घकालीन जाखिमो से बचाव किया जा सकता है।
Dr surbhi agrawal
consultant physician and diabetologist
Hi I want to know about pregnancy. when can it occur. I am newly married I don't knw much abt it. After hw many days of periods is sex safe. Can pregnancy occur during periods.
My period date was on 14 Dec but I didn't get periods yet. I want to get periods within 2 days for that which tablet should I take. I want to travel from 20 Dec to 24 Dec. So I want periods to come before that. I am not married.
What is the cost for these std card test cost Chlamydia Gonorrhea Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Herpes 1 Herpes 2 HIV 1 & 2 Syphilis What tests should I do to know my status.
I'm women 30 years married on last year I got one missed abortion on 3rd month after the abortion I getting a kind of urinary infections every month. Initially urine will get smelled in panties after two days will get watery discharge later bleeding like periods for four to five days. I gone to doctor. He gave me norflox 400 I having very month this problem. That to after periods gets over after a week. And I have pcod past 6 yrs. Im height is 5.5 feet wgt : 76 kg for past 4-6 yrs.help me please
Hiii doctor I am 27 year old my height 5.6 and weight 55 I want to conceive a baby but I have thyroid problem not to high tsh 6.2 and below so if I conceive is it any prob in future?
Hi I am 25 married before 7 months, I got pregnant in October 2015 and got abortion in 40 days then again I was pregnant in March 2016 and aborted in 35 days, I checked urine pregnancy test, also hcg it was positive in both time. I want to know is this normal or not, why such bad things happen to me. We are planing for baby. Please help me regard this. I am 82kgs and height 168cm I am over weight please give me diet chart and exercise to reduce weight.
I am 25 year old. I had heartburn a few days back. Also had nausea feeling. After that I had taken ovral G tablet to delay my periods for 6 days as I was traveling. Last I had taken on 7th of this month. My periods have still not come. Is it a sign of pregnancy?
Intercourse is meant to be a pleasurable and intimate experience. But it might become an unpleasant act if you are suffering from performance anxiety. When you are mentally occupied by questions such as "Do I look too fat?" or "Did I do that right?", sex stops being a gratifying experience.
Incessant anxiety over your ability or appearance can result in sex becoming nerve-wracking and stressful for you. It might even have you avoiding sex altogether. This psychological condition is termed as sexual performance anxiety.
Sex isn't only a physical reaction, there are emotions tied to it as well. If you are too stressed out and your mind is preoccupied, your body reflects your inner turmoil and you cannot get aroused.
Causes: The causes of sexual performance anxiety include:
- Fear that you wouldn't be able to satisfy your partner and perform well sexually
- Body image issues (Such as stressing about your weight)
- Problems in your relationship
- Men worry that their penis don't 'measure' up
- Men might be concerned about taking too much time to orgasm, or about premature ejaculation
- Women worry about not enjoying the experience or being unable to have an orgasm
Symptoms: Your mental state has a deep impact on your physical state. The effect of stress hormones norepinephrine and epinephrine can hinder your sexual performance. Symptoms of sexual performance anxiety include:
- In men, blood vessels constrict due to the effect of stress hormones. This leads to reduced blood flow to the penis, thus making it difficult for the man to get an erection.
- Often though it is less diagnosed in women, sexual performance anxiety leads to trouble in lubrication during sex. Lack of lubrication dims the desire to have sex.
Sexual performance anxiety is a vicious, inescapable cycle. Increased anxiety hampers you from having sex, making you think you won't be able to perform well, which causes even more anxiety.
Treatment: Consult a doctor you will be comfortable with discussing your problems. Sexual performance can be either treated by medication (if you have an underlying medical condition such as erectile dysfunction) or through therapy.
Talking to a therapist or counsellor about your problems can help you in several ways. You can learn to become more comfortable with yourself and your body. You can also understand your problems better, which can eliminate your anxiety.
Dear doctors, me and my wife are newly married couple. We start sex. But we affried for pregnancy. We do not want child now. Her period is going to start after 6-7 days. What should we do. If we want to do unprotected sex. Help me ASAP.
I am 43 years old female moving towards menopause, my cycle is irregular at present. I get my periods once in 4-5 months. Queries are 1. Do I need to visit a gynac. (no issues with heavy bleeding or clots). 2. I want to loose weight but nothing seems to be working (i cannot diet) 3. My right knee is getting stiff difficult to fold. Please suggest medicines if needed Thank You Ms. Rakhee.
Hello doctor, after how many month of pregnancy a woman should start to eat almond, walnut, dates? also, how much quantity of these dry food should be taken.
I'm 27 years old but still I'm not getting periods, if I take medicine I am getting periods otherwise I will not previous. 3 years back I took medicine but I didn't get periods. In this 15 years totally I got periods 8 times only. Please give me the suggestion.
When a childless couple is not able to conceive, there are myriad paths that the couple may follow to obtain a solution. If IVF does not help the couple, then they can go in for surrogacy. In this method, another lady conceives, carries and gives birth to the baby created by the sperm and eggs of the intended parents. Let us find out more about surrogacy today.
Who can use it?
Surrogacy can be availed by couples who are not able to conceive due to many conclusive reasons including the absence of a womb or the malfunctioning of the same. Also, recurrent miscarriages can be one of the reasons. Further, a couple who has been through IVF or In Vitro Fertilisation implantation failure a number of times can opt for surrogacy.
How does it Work?
Full surrogacy, as it is known, is a process of implanting an embryo in a host body. This embryo is usually created using the egg and the sperm of the parents, or even a fertilised egg that has been donated by a donor, which is then fertilised using the sperm from the intended father. Also, this embryo may be created by using donor eggs and donor sperms. Partial surrogacy is also a method that may be used. When artificial insemination or intrauterine insemination (IUI) is used to create an embryo with the sperm from the intended father and the egg from the surrogate mother, then the process is known as partial surrogacy.
Chance of having a baby with surrogacy
The chance of having a baby with surrogacy depend on various factors. It depends on the ability of the surrogate to get pregnant, as well as her overall health. Before choosing a surrogate, it is important to put her through all the necessary tests to ascertain a good state of health. Further, the age of the egg donor is also a factor in such cases. The success of related procedures like IVF or IUI will also determine the chances of conception through this method. Furthermore, the quality of the elements used by the couple or the intended parents will also make a difference to the process and its efficacy. Yet, the most important factor includes the age of the woman whose egg is being used.
Difference between IVF and Surrogacy
In IVF, the eggs are gathered from the woman and the sperm is taken from her partner before an embryo is created and affixed in the uterus of the intended mother. In surrogacy, it is actually another woman who carries this lab-created embryo through methods like artificial insemination. The sperm may come from the father and the egg may be donated by someone else, in many cases involving full or partial surrogacy.