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Blood pressure readings above 140/90 are classified as hypertension or high blood pressure. Hypertension causes straining of blood vessels and an interruption in the blood flow. There are no specific symptoms, but prolonged hypertension can lead to a heart stroke.
Listed below are a few ways to reduce high blood pressure:
- Limit your salt intake: The sodium content in salt disrupts the balance of fluids in your body, leading to high blood pressure. To avert hypertension, cut down on your daily salt intake to a maximum of one tablespoon.
- Indulge in physical exercise: If you are suffering from pre-hypertension (mild hypertension), it can be avoided or controlled by engaging in physical exercise such as brisk walk, swimming or playing a sport. Exercising regularly can lower blood pressure levels by 5 mmHg (millimetres of mercury).
- Bask in the sun: Exposure to sunlight alters the nitric oxide levels in your blood which leads to reduction in blood pressure. Thus, soaking up the sun can prove to be a great way to avoid a stroke in future.
- Add ginger and cardamom to your diet: The two spices, ginger and cardamom, provide required warmth to your body and help in stabilising the circulation of blood in your body and help in bringing down blood pressure levels.
- Add more green vegetables to your diet: Green vegetables, preferably the leafy ones, are rich in nutrients such as magnesium, iron and folate which help in maintaining the blood circulation that is essential for combating high blood pressure.
- Switch to decaf coffee: If you can’t give up coffee entirely, switch to decaf beverages as caffeine is responsible for tightening your blood vessels which leads to increased stress and blood pressure levels.
- Start drinking tea: Herbals teas such as chamomile, ginger, green tea and hibiscus tea contain herbal properties which soothe your blood vessels and nourish the blood flow. Herbal teas also help in hydration and rejuvenation of fluids in your body.
- Update your playlist: Music is proven to be therapeutic and updating your playlist with soothing Sufi, Celtic or Instrumental tunes can help you relax your mind and combat stress related blood pressure spikes. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a cardiologist.
I have chest pain from 5 months but it occurs not frequently if occurs after 4-5 days and the type of pain is sometime sharp and sometime burning I get very discomfort while pain and feel very scary please suggest me proper advice and treatment.
I have had 2 bypass operations 1993 and 2004. As I was margin diabetes Dr. advised me take precautions and medication. I take Hb1AC test once in 3 months and reading is 5.8 or below. Is it necessary to take fasting and post prandial readings. I do not take them.
I find marks upon both of my eyelashes, someone told me this mark is cause of cholesterol, I want to know, how to get rid of these marks?
Good mrng sir/madam. My grand father age is 80 years, he is having sugar, bp, heart and kidney problem, now he is using these tablets Sompraz-D 40mg AB phyllin Cinod 5mg nikoran 5mg Metpure xl 50mg Clopilet A 75mg L-Montus Neurexforte Urimax D Tonact 20mg Now the problem is on foot he is small injured, I applied H2O and povidine iodine ointment but it is no use, now I am thinking to apply pentids 400mg tablet, sry for using telugu words at injured place so much pain, vaapu vochindi, chimu pattindi, gaggonda kuda vochindi, fever also added please tell me the tablets, can I use pentids 400mg tablet at injured area.
How high blood pressure can be controlled easily. I have suffered in it from last 7 years but it is not controlling.
I'm hypertensive on 5mg amlodipine once a day. But my blood pressure is above 140 for the last three years. What should I do.
Hi my dad is 48yrs. Hes being suffering frm vertiigo, tinnitus, ear pressure since last 20 yrs. I am really concerned about his health. Its very difficult for him to perform daily activity. Plus he has hypertension problem. It would be grateful if u could help.
Respected Sir my blood pressure is showing as 120/90. What is significance/effect of lower limit 90? Will I be required to start B.P medicines? Or precautions like less salt and oil is sufficient? Please suggest me way ahead? Regards.
Chest paining single time in a day when I used to sit in chair or bed it starts paining anf at morning it usually happens.
My blood pressure is 110/70. No sugar. Uric acid level is 6.4.have digestion problem. Stool does not pass regularly. Can I take GOURD everyday? What r it's benefits? Please help me. Can it harm my body if taken regularly? THROW LIGHT ON IT.
Knee joints pain besides both ankles pain tried analgesics and anti inflamatories but in vain. In addition to these having sclerotic aortic stenosis and cad. Ankle pain is chronic.
Hi. I am suffering from pain in the rib cage bones. Mainly the back lower last bones are paining. Sometimes chest bone pains severely. Can you please tell me what can be the problem. Thanks in advance.
Guidelines for vary from time to time, but generally accepted classification of hypertension ( JNC7)is
Average of two or more properly measured readings at each of two or more visits after an initial screen:
Normal < 120 mm Hg SBP AND DBP < 90 mm Hg
Prehypertension 120 -139 mm Hg SBP OR DBP 80 to 89 mm Hg
Stage 1 HTN 140 -159 mm Hg SBP OR DBP 90 to 99 mm Hg
Stage 2 HTN >/= 160 mm of Hg SBP OR DBP >/= 100 mm Hg.
Prevalence of prehypertension among adults in United States is approximately 37 percent.
Study done by Yadhav S et al showed prevalence of prehypetension was 32.3 percent in India with highest 36% among 30-39 yrs age group, indicates that awareness is necessary for regular blood pressure check up.
People diagnosed with hypertension represents “tip of an iceberg”.
Many patients get to know about their raised blood pressures at the time of diagnosis, heart attack, stroke or kidney disease( end organ failures) which would have been preventable if treated at an early stage.
Why hypertension should be diagnosed and treated ?
Hypertension currently causes 2/3rd s of all strokes and half of all cases of ischemic heart disease.
Prehypertension: It is an entity where SBP >120 -139 mm Hg or DBP 80-89 mm Hg.
Multiple epidemiological studies demonstrated increased cardiovascular risk in patients with prehypertension.People with prehypertension have increased risk of progression to sustained hypertension, the prevalence of hypertension increases from approximately 10 percent at age of 30 yrs to as high as 90 percent after age of 65 yrs.
Framinham hypertension risk prediction score, may help identification of prehypertensive patients who are at gretest risk for pregression to hypertension. Risk calculator includes variables like age, sex, family history of hypertension, body mass index and smoking. Most important predictors of these were higher baseline blood pressure and older age.
Screening for hypertension: optimal interval for screening is not known.
2007 USPSTF( United States Preventive Services Task Force) guidelines recommend
Screening every two years for persons with SBP <120 mm Hg and DBP < 80 mm Hg
Yearly for persons with SBP 120-139 mm Hg or a DBP 80 -89 mm Hg
How to manage Prehypertension:
TROPHY stydy( TRial Of preventing Hypertension) results showed that there is no role for pharmacotherapy in prehypertension except in special conditions like diabetes, chronic kidney disease etc.
Treatment:As per JNC 7 reccomendations patients with prehypertension who do not have diabetes, chronic kidney disease , end organ damage , or clinical evidence of cardiovascular disease are generally treated with non pharmacological therapies.
Major non pharmacological therapies that aid to decrease blood pressure are:
Weight reduction: Maintain normal body weight ( BMI 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2) this can reduce BP by 5 to 20 mm hg per 10kg weight loss.
Adopt DASH eating plan : (DASH- Dietary Approach To Stop Hypertension) consists of fruits, vegetables, legumes, low-fat dairy products with reduced saturated and total fat.This can reduce BP by 8 to 14 mm Hg.
Dietary sodium Restriction: Reduce dietary sodium intake to no more than 100meq/day(2.4 gm sodium or 6 gm of sodium chloride). This can reduce BP by 2 to 8 mm Hg.
Physical activity: Engage in a regular aerobic physical activity such as brisk walking (at least 30 min per day, most days of the week). This can reduce BP by 4 to 9 mm Hg.
Moderation of alcohol: Limit consumption of alcohol to no more than 2 drinks per day in most men and no more than 1 drink in women and lighter weight persons. This can reduce BP by 2 to 4 mm Hg.