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Management of Abortion
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Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
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Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
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Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
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Epithelial Ovarian Cancer is a condition in which malignant tumor emerges from the tissue lining in the outer surface of the ovary. Epithelial tumors are usually benign, but this form of malignancy has been found to be the most common type of ovarian cancer. Moreover, it cannot be diagnosed until in its advanced stage. Medical research shows that factors such as multiple pregnancies, delayed childbirth and early menarche seem to raise the risk of ovarian cancer, while dietary and environmental factors also play a significant role in it.
1. A majority of the patients have been observed to have extensive intra-abdominal growth.
2. They may experience discomfort or swelling of the abdominal region.
3. The feeling of being bloated, lack of appetite, unnatural weight alteration, dyspepsia, malaise, and urinary problems are frequently reported symptoms.
4. Patients also experience constipation and other gastrointestinal problems.
The first step towards treatment of ovarian cancer is to diagnose the condition. A thorough pelvic examination (consisting of an examination of the vagina, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and cervix) will help to pin point any abnormality of the ovary. If the doctor notes nodularity, firmness or lack of tenderness during the examination, these can be taken as symptoms of malignancy of epithelial ovarian tumors. Ultrasound examination of the abdominal region will also help to locate abnormality in the tissues on the outer surface of the ovary. The next logical step towards treatment is getting a biopsy. During this procedure potentially malignant cells are removed and then diagnosed by a pathologist to conclude if the cells are cancerous or not. The process of removal is known as laparotomy.
Apart from a handful of stage one patients, most women with epithelial ovarian cancer receive chemotherapy. The standard treatment for this type of ovarian cancer is the surgical elimination of tumor. This includes total abdominal hysterectomy, a surgery in which the uterus and cervix is removed through an incision in the abdomen. Post surgical treatment consists of taxane-platinum chemotherapy. Patients with minimal residual cancer undergo external radiation therapy or intraperitoneal chemotherapy (radioactive liquid is channelled into the abdomen with the help of a catheter).
A lot of research has been done in this field and a variety of clinical trials are available for a patient, if he/she wishes to be a part of it. Leading methods are immunotherapy and targeted therapy are also available. Immunotherapy uses the immune system of the patient to battle cancer. Bodily substances or substances created in the lab are used to restore and boost the body’s natural defence mechanisms against cancer. Targeted therapy, on the other hand, uses substances to identify the cancer and attack the malignant cells without jeopardizing non-cancerous cells.
Hello. I have pcod and I had a miscarriage recently doctors told me to get the hormones correct and then plan for baby I been Diagnosed since 2016 and been regular in the gym doing both cardio and weight training but still and also having a change in the life style but in 6 months only manage to reduce 6 kgs which really disappoints me need some guidance on diet.
Is it compulsory to do pregnancy test 3 times with the same urine sample ?or with different urine sample as time wise?
Mom is getting blood in urine. It was in form of drops. Back and pelvic pain. frequent urination. Worried about her. Is it sigh of bladder cancer? Her age is 48.
Last time mje 22feb ko periods aye the ar ab 24 march ho gye hai periods nhi aa rhe kya karu docter.
I am 16 week pregnant I have done my nt scan Left renal pelvis is dilated and right appeared prominent What does it mean is there any issue And single live intrauterine fetus of 16 weeks 5 days in unstable lie. Bilateral uterine arteries show normal flow Left renal mild pyelectatis. What does it mean.
My wife having 33 week 3 days pregnancy and in latest scan report AFI is 9.05 cm, is it cause any problem. What is normal AFI in this time and if it is low how to improve AFI?
I suck and fingering my gf pussy before 5 days of her periods time. Now last 4 days back her periods time also completed but still now she can't getting periods. Is any chance to get pregnancy?
Pilonidal Sinus refers to the small channel in your skin. When the channel is filled with pus or fluid, it leads to the formation of cysts or an abscess. A pilonidal cyst usually occurs at the top of the buttock crease near the tailbone, and consists of dirt, debris, and hair. When the cyst becomes infected or inflamed, it causes severe pain and discomfort.
Pilonidal sinus mostly affects men in their puberty. This condition is usually seen among people who sit for longer periods. For instance- truck/cab drivers, or desk-job workers, etc.
What causes Pilonidal sinus?
Pilonidal sinuses are most often caused due to the following factors-
- Dense Hair on back
- Hormonal changes during puberty
- Friction from wearing tight clothes
- Prolonged sitting
These factors prompt the hair growing in the region to burrow back beneath your skin. Your body considers the retracted hair as a foreign particle and launches an immune response. The cyst forms due to this response.
In certain cases, the patient may develop multiple sinuses which connect under the skin.
Identifying the early signs of Pilonidal sinus-
The first noticeable sign of Pilonidal sinus disease may be a small dimple near the tailbone. The symptoms become more prominent and troublesome once the channel gets infected or develops cysts/abscess. People with infectious sinus encounter the following symptoms-
- Swelling of the sinus
- Low-grade fever
- Pain while standing or sitting
- Redness or soreness around the affected area
- Discharge of pus or blood
- Foul odor
- Hair sticking out of the lesion
- Formation of multiple holes/sinus tracts in the skin
Risk factors associated with Pilonidal sinus-
There are a few factors that increase your chances of developing pilonidal cysts. The common risk factors are-
- Inactive lifestyle
- Excess hair on the body
- People in their twenties
Surgical treatment for Pilonidal Sinus-
Diagnosis of Pilonidal sinus does not require a lab test. The doctor will clinically diagnose the condition before recommending the treatment method. Although Pilonidal sinus usually goes away on its own, you will need to undergo a surgery if the cysts are infected. There are few common techniques of Pilonidal sinus surgery:
- Simple drainage of pus: needs painful daily dressings for months, has high recurrence rate.
- Excision of Sinus and Keep the wound open to let it heal slowly with cumbersome daily dressings, has more than 40% recurrence rate. Still popular mode.
- Excision of Sinus and closure with Limberg’s Flap, no wound, recurrence rate low. Popular.
- Excision of Sinus and closure with special Flap Advancement Technique, no wound, Patient can go home next day. No recurrence so far in author’s( Dr Prafull Arya) long series. So the results are long-term.
Pilonidal sinuses are nonthreatening but bothersome chronic infective disease. One needs to maintain good hygiene and an active lifestyle to avoid getting affected by it.
Once you have it, you need to meet an experienced surgeon specialising in pilonidal sinus surgery.